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China’s march to communism A CENTURY OF UPHEAVAL
Communism enters China in 1949 • Unlike Russia, China arrived at Communism after a prolonged struggle • The Party was founded in 1921 and grew under Mao Zedong • Guomindang and Communists • CCP was driven from the cities in the early 1930’s and focused on rural areas and developed a peasant strategy • CCP gained converts as a result of Japan’s invasion of China • CCP was deeply opposed to imperialism and exploitation of peasants
Building a comparison and communism Soviet Union under Stalin China • Step one: create a rural communist society • Communist party the only party in town • State controlled economy-industrialization not a primary goal • China embraced communism much easier than USSR • Much less political violence • Step one: industrialize • Communist party was the only party in town • State controlled economy • Totalitarian system needed to root out resistance
Redistribution Land Reform • Communes established as peasants confronted landlords • Collectivization was peaceful in China, violent in USSR • China’s moved farther
Industrialization Comparison • USSR: industrialization an early goal • China: goal not realized until the 1950’s as they followed USSR model • Major growth followed • Both cases advocated heavy industry and militarization • Party controlled resources. • Mao applauded results…
Great Leap forward Mao tries to combat social elements of industrialization • Tried to apply principles of rural development to industrialization • Industrialization was a backyard endeavor.
Reigning in social reforms The Cultural Revolution • Attitudes had gone too far from Great Leap Forward… • Communist ideas needed to be reinforced, independent ideas of GLF needed to be purged. • Stalin had his show trials and purges to reign in independent thinking…China had this
Long term impacts of Stalin’s terror and Mao’s cultural revolution? Impacts A Stalin Era Mass Grave • Both events eventually had to be calmed by military intervention • Both events discredited socialism by and contributed to the collapse of each system.
China after mao The Little Tiger He even wore cowboy hats • Deng Xiaoping • One time exile to most powerful man in China. • Oversaw the entrance of China onto the world economic stage • Increased freedoms and explosion of China as a commercial entity.
Bashing Mao’s Ghost? • Relaxed censorship • Released 100,000 prisoners • Dismantled communal farms • Stunning economic growth • Political monopoly kept in tact
Opposition to a one party state • 1980’s saw a contradiction between the economic growth and the freedoms people could expect. • Things spilled over with massive protests in 1989. • Tank man