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The Crusades In this lesson, students will be able to define the following terms: Pilgrim Crusades Students will also be able to explain one cause of the Crusades and one effect of the Crusades. In the seventh century, Muslims conquered Palestine. Muslim Conquest

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the crusades

The Crusades

In this lesson, students will be able to define the following terms:

Pilgrim

Crusades

Students will also be able to explain one cause of the Crusades and one effect of the Crusades.

E. Napp

muslim conquest
Muslim Conquest
  • In the seventh century, Muslims conquered Palestine.
  • Initially, the Muslim conquerors allowed Jews and Christians to freely enter the Holy Land.
  • As time passed, some Muslim rulers were less tolerant.

E. Napp

slide4

Christians

wanted to visit

the land where

Jesus was born.

When a person

travels for

religious

purposes, he

is a pilgrim.

E. Napp

rumors and intolerance
Rumors and Intolerance
  • As the years passed, reports spread that some Muslims had killed Christian pilgrims and destroyed churches.
  • European Christians were also increasingly intolerant of Muslims controlling the Holy Land.
  • As tensions increased, war seemed inevitable.

E. Napp

slide6

In 1095, Pope Urban II

called for

a crusade, or

war, against

the Muslims.

E. Napp

pope urban ii
Pope Urban II
  • In 1095, Pope Urban II, the head of the Roman Catholic Church, called for a crusade, or war, against the Muslims.
  • Ultimately, the Christians fought many crusades against the Muslims.
  • However, Christians never permanently regained control of the Holy Land.

E. Napp

slide8

For almost 200 years – from 1096 to 1291-

European crusaders went to the Holy Land.

E. Napp

slide9

Many Europeans

Joined the

Crusades. Some

joined for the

promise of Heaven.

Others joined

hoping for wealth.

E. Napp

crusaders
Crusaders
  • Crusaders were European Christians who heeded the Pope’s call to regain the Holy Land.
  • Crusaders joined for many reasons.
  • Some joined for the promise of Heaven, others for wealth, and still others for adventure.

E. Napp

slide11

Crusaders

often wore

a cross

on their

breastplate.

E. Napp

the effects of the crusades
The Effects of the Crusades
  • Historians frequently call the Crusades “a successful failure.”
  • While Europeans never regained permanent control of the Holy Land and many people were killed, cultural diffusion increased.
  • Europeans began to trade with the Middle East.

E. Napp

slide13

Europeans learned about Arab art,

architecture, medicine, and mathematics.

E. Napp

questions for reflection
Questions for Reflection:
  • Why were Christians upset that Muslims had gained control of the Holy Land?
  • Define pilgrim.
  • What is a crusade?
  • Why did the Pope call for a Crusade?
  • Why do historians call the Crusades “a successful failure”?
  • What was an effect of the Crusades?

E. Napp