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The Crusades

The Crusades

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The Crusades

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Presentation Transcript

  1. The Crusades

  2. Why or why not would you go on the Crusades?

  3. Problems with the Church in the 1100s These guys tried to solve the problems. (Pope Leo and Pope Gregory) • 1. Priests had begun to marry against church law • 2. Bishops sold positions in the church (simony) • 3. Through lay investiture, nations competed over church influence.

  4. Restoring Faith: The Dominicans and Franciscans established orders with the purpose of increasing the faith of all Christians through good works.

  5. Crusade: Pope Urban II calls for a “Holy War” • Goals: • Ideally: 1. To protect Christian pilgrims 2. Take back the Holy Land from Muslims. • In Reality: 3. To gain in political power 4. To grow rich economically 5. To assert Europe as a global power.

  6. The First Crusade: Disorganized but was able to capture Jerusalem. Four “Crusader” Kingdoms were established.

  7. The Second Crusade: Organized to recapture the city of Edessa but went home in defeat after Saladin led Muslims and recaptured Jerusalem.

  8. The Third Crusade: Led to recapture Jerusalem and included King Philip of France, Frederick of Germany, and Richard of England. It ended in truce.

  9. Saladin vs. Richard the Lion-Hearted

  10. The Crusades in Europe: Reconquista and Inquisition in Spain. The goal is to convert all of Spain to Christianity and drive out the Muslims.

  11. Effects of the Crusades: Constant Holy War and the Emergence of Europe • Increased role of women and serfs. • Increased trade between Europe and Asia (New products, ideas, and beliefs) • The failure of the crusades weakened the power of the pope and kings. • Legacy of bitterness and hatred between Christians and Muslims. • Europe as the new global power.