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Carbon & Carbohydrates Review PowerPoint Presentation
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Carbon & Carbohydrates Review

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Carbon & Carbohydrates Review - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Carbon & Carbohydrates Review

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  1. Carbon & Carbohydrates Review

  2. compounds that contain carbon are called______________ • Organic

  3. compounds that do not contain carbon are ________________ • Inorganic

  4. Carbon forms______ covalent bonds to become stable • Four

  5. ______________ is the simplest carbon compound (CH4) • Methane

  6. Any molecule made ONLY of hydrogen and carbon atoms is a ______________________ • Hydrocarbon

  7. compounds that have the same formula but different structures are called ___________________ • Isomers

  8. extremely large compounds made of smaller ones are called __________________. • macromolecules

  9. large molecule formed when many smaller molecules bond together, usually in longchains is called a _______________________________ • Polymer

  10. What is the basic building block of carbohydrates? • monosaccharide

  11. What process allows body cells to make large compounds from building blocks? • Dehydration Synthesis

  12. The removal of –H and –OH (water)from the individual molecules so that a bond may form between them and result in a more complexmolecule is called ___________ • Dehydration synthesis

  13. The following, Monosaccharide + Monosaccharide---> Disaccharide + water is an example of what process? • Dehydration synthesis

  14. What process allows the digestive system to breakdown nutrients? • Hydrolysis

  15. WHAT DO ATHLETES EAT THE DAY BEFORE A BIG GAME? WHY? • Carbs. Because carbs. store and release energy

  16. What is the function of carbohydrates? • Compounds used for storage and release of energy

  17. What atoms make up all carbohydrates? • C,H,O

  18. What is the ratio of oxygen to hydrogen atoms in all carbohydrates? • Ratio is 1Oxygen atom : 2Hydrogenatoms

  19. List 2 types of Carbohydrates. • Monosaccharides • Disaccharides • Polysaccharides

  20. List two examples of monosaccharides. • Glucose • Fructose • Galactose

  21. What is the chemical formula for all monosaccharides? • C6H12O6

  22. What is the chemical formula for all disaccharides? • C12H22O11

  23. Double sugar made of 2 simple is called a ____________ • disaccharide

  24. List two examples of disaccharides • Lactose • Maltose • Sucrose

  25. Lactose is commonly called what? • Milk Sugar

  26. Sucrose is commonly called what? • Table sugar

  27. The breaking of a large compound (polymer) into smaller compounds (building blocks) through the addition of -H and –OH (water). • Hydrolysis

  28. More than 2 monosaccharides joined by dehydration synthesis are called __________ • Polysaccharide

  29. List two examples of polysaccharides. • Starch • Glycogen • Cellulose

  30. What is starch’s function? • Plant’s food storage

  31. What is glycogen’s function? • Animals food storage

  32. What is cellulose’s function? • provides structure in plant cell walls

  33. What is the alcohol group? • -OH

  34. What is the amino group? • -NH2

  35. What is the carboxyl group? • -COOH

  36. What substance is the repeating unit that makes up starch, cellulose, and glycogen? • Monosaccharide