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Welcome! The Topic For Today Is… Great Depression. Great Depression. Topic 1: 200. Question: Did the stock market crash of 1929 cause the Depression?

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welcome the topic for today is great depression
Welcome!

The Topic For Today Is… Great Depression

topic 1 200
Topic 1: 200
  • Question:
  • Did the stock market crash of 1929 cause the Depression?
  • The stock market crash of 1929 did not so much cause the Depression, as help trigger a chain of events that exposed longstanding weaknesses in the American economy.

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topic 1 400
Topic 1: 400
  • Question:
  • What was the purpose of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation?
  • To provide federal loans to troubled banks, railroads, and other businesses

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topic 1 600
Topic 1: 600
  • Question:
  • Describe the conditions for blacks during the Depression?
  • Many left land either by choice or by being forced off by landlords
  • Many moved to southern cities, however unemployed whites in the urban south believed they had first claims (rights) to all work.
  • In 1932, half of all the African Americans living in the south were unemployed.
  • Limited relief that existed almost always went to whites first

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topic 1 800
Topic 1: 800
  • Question:
  • What were the 5 main causes of the Great Depression?
  • Low Interest Rates
  • Overproduction
  • Uneven distribution of wealth
  • High tariffs on foreign imports
  • Falling demand for goods
  • Buying on Margin/Credit

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topic 2 200
Topic 2: 200
  • Question:
  • Average summer temperatures (over 100 degrees), over-farming, and a prolonged drought (lasting a decade) were major causes of what event during the Great Depression?
  • The Dust Bowl

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topic 2 400
Topic 2: 400
  • Question:
  • What did the Republican Party think should be done about the economy at the start of the Great Depression?
  • The depression was an inevitable part of the economic cycle & should be left alone to recover on its own.

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topic 2 600
Topic 2: 600
  • Question:
  • How were women affected during the Great Depression?
  • The Depression strengthened the popular belief “that a woman’s proper place is in a home.”
  • Most men and many women thought that work should go to men however, single and married women worked in the 1930s because they and their families needed the money.
  • Women lost many Professional positions to men.

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topic 2 800
Topic 2: 800
  • Question:
  • Which conditions are most characteristic of an economic depression?
  • High unemployment & overproduction

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topic 3 200
Topic 3: 200
  • Question:
  • President Hoover believed that the problems of the Great Depression could best be solved by?
  • Relying mostly on private enterprise & individual initiative to improve economic conditions. “Rugged Individualism”

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topic 3 400
Topic 3: 400
  • Question:
  • Where did Hoover believe unemployment relief should come from?
  • It should be provided by local governments and private charities

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topic 3 600
Topic 3: 600
  • Question:
  • What characterized popular culture during the Depression including radio, movies, and literature?
  • There was a sort of escapism which included upbeat and romantic messages

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topic 3 800
Topic 3: 800
  • Question:
  • What was the Bonus Army and how did it contribute to Hoover’s unpopularity?
  • WWI vets wanted -1000 bonus which was passed by congress in 1924 but would not be paid until 1945. Hoover refused their request to pay it now (during the Depression) so they set up camp until Hoover tried chasing them out first with Police, then successfully with the Army.

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topic 4 200
Topic 4: 200
  • Question:
  • Who was largely blamed by the Americans for the Depression?
  • Herbert Hoover

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topic 4 400
Topic 4: 400
  • Question:
  • Shantytowns called “Hoovervilles”, sprang up across the U.S. because President Hoover?
  • Refused to provide direct federal aid to those in need
  • Was blamed for the suffering of the poor during the Great Depression.

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topic 4 600
Topic 4: 600
  • Question:
  • What did the election of FDR in 1932 reflect about American desires for their economy?
  • Americans wanted the government to take a more active role in solving the current economic problems

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topic 4 800
Topic 4: 800
  • Question:
  • The Dust Bowl experiences of the Oklahoma farmers during the Great Depression demonstrated?
  • That people sought better opportunities west of the Dust Bowl states.
  • The effect of geography on people’s lives.

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topic 5 200
Topic 5: 200
  • Question:
  • How did Hoover’s first term affect his reelection in 1932?
  • Answer
  • It hurt his reputation and resulted in FDR’s election to the presidency

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topic 5 400
Topic 5: 400
  • Question:
  • Describe the living conditions for a common American during the Great Depression.
  • Great strains on families
  • Many lost jobs
  • Some lost homes & possessions

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topic 5 600
Topic 5: 600
  • Question:
  • How would you describe Hoover’s response to the Depression?
  • He became less willing to increase spending and he worried more about balancing the budget. (restrained & cautious)

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topic 5 800
Topic 5: 800
  • Question:
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt promised Americans a “New Deal” during his campaign for the presidency. What 3 R’s made up his plan?
  • Relief, Recovery, & Reform

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