THE GREAT DEPRESSION BEGINS. Photos by photographer Dorothea Lange. HOOVER WINS 1928 ELECTION. Republican Herbert Hoover ran against Democrat Alfred E. Smith in the 1928 election Hoover emphasized years of prosperity under Republican administrations Hoover won an overwhelming victory.
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Photos by photographer Dorothea Lange
Pretend you were President and your country’s unprecedented wealth suddenly evaporated.
Photo by Dorothea Lange
Photo by Dorothea Lange
New York Stock Exchange
The Stock Market’s bubble was about to break
Bank run 1929, Los Angeles
Unemployed men wait in line for food – this particular soup kitchen was sponsored by Al Capone
Between 1929-1932 almost ½ million farmers lost their land
Hoovervilles or shantytowns, were migrant towns of people who were out of work and on the move to find work. Usually outside large cities where migrants were trying to find jobs. Named after President Hoover because he wouldn’t do anything to help the people who were in need…….
Stresses on Families
Poverty Strains Society
EFFECTS OF THE GREAT DEPRESSION
Run on the banks…….Bread and food lines………
Kansas Farmer, 1933
Dust buried cars and wagons in South Dakota in 1936
Boy covers his mouth to avoid dust, 1935
Photographer Dorothea Lange captures a family headed west to escape the dust storms
Hoover believed it was the individuals job to take care of themselves, not the governments
Hoover’s flurry of activity came too late to save the economy or his job
Thousands of Bonus Army soldiers protest – Spring 1932
Believed that federal government should not try to fix people’s problems.
He believed direct relief would destroy people’s self-respect.
He believed it would create a big government which would violate laissez faire.
Believed government had a responsibility to help people in need and provide direct relief.
Believed capitalism and laissez faire needed to be reformed.
Governmental involvement in people’s lives was a good source for those in need.
The Election of 1932