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The Role of Effective Instruction Across the Pyramid: Issues and Examples. Terrance M. Scott University of Louisville. RTI: 3-Tiered Prevention Model. Tertiary Prevention : specialized & individualized strategies for students with continued failure. ~5% . Secondary Prevention :

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the role of effective instruction across the pyramid issues and examples

The Role of Effective Instruction Across the Pyramid: Issues and Examples

Terrance M. ScottUniversity of Louisville

slide2

RTI:

3-Tiered Prevention Model

Tertiary Prevention:

specialized & individualized

strategies for students with continued failure

~5%

Secondary Prevention:

supplementary strategies

for students who do not respond to primary

~15%

Primary Prevention:

school-wide or class-wide systems for all students and staff

~80% of Students

discipline is
Discipline is….

The actions parents and teachers take to increase student success (Charles, 1980).

Prevention

Rules, Routines, Arrangements

ReactionConsequences

discipline works when

Success(reinforcement)

Discipline Works When ….

Prevention creates more Positive than negative consequences

Failure

(punishment)

4 : 1

logical solutions realistic the research
Logical Solutions (realistic?):The Research

INSTRUCTION

800

Reviews of over studies involving children with the most challenging behaviors(Gottfredson, 1997;Lipsey, 1991; 1992;Tolan & Guerra, 1994; Elliott, Hamburg, Williams, 1998)

  • teaching social behaviors in contextteach specific skills using effective explicit instruction

the largest intervention effect-sizes for:

  • consistent contingencies ( pos+ & neg- )consistent and effective use of reinforcement/punishment
  • academic successeffective explicit instruction (reading!!)
instructional concept 1

Instructional Concept #1

State Expectations Positively

Teach them what you do want them to do

teaching behaviors
No elbowing others

No kicking

No hitting

No pinching

No biting

No scratching

Etc. . .

2+2 is not 1

2+2 is not 2

2+2 is not 3

2+2 is not 5

2+2 is not 6

2+2 is not 7

Etc. . .

Teaching Behaviors

Behavior: Peer Relations

Academic Skill:Addition

teaching behaviors8
Hands and feet to self or

Respect others

2+2 = 4

Teaching Behaviors

Behavior: Peer Relations

Academic Skill: Addition

instructional concept 2

Instructional Concept #2

Explicit Instruction

Be Direct - Tell them and show them

instructional sequence
Instructional Sequence
  • Presentation -
    • Rationale
    • tell and model
  • Recitation
    • student Q & A
  • Individual Work
    • with teacher feedback
    • make sure students get it
  • Group work
    • activities, experiments, etc.
    • chance to discover application to real world
  • Test
    • Make sure they have skill fluency
slide14

ACTIVITY

  • Let’s try non-explicit social instruction:
  • What is Zore?
  • The concept is ZoreSocial ConceptAll examples are accurate
instructional concept 3

Instructional Concept #3

Range of Examples

Show the full range of possibilities -- Juxtapose positive and negative examples

instructional concept 4

Instructional Concept #4

Routines and Arrangements

Facilitate student success in the natural environment

effective teacher practices
Effective Teacher Practices
  • specify goals and objectives
  • modeling
  • pacing
  • questioning
  • prompting
  • appropriate feedback
    • praise
    • corrective feedback
  • low rates of criticism
instructional concept 5

Instructional Concept #5

Formative Assessment

Evaluate the Effects of Instruction and Modify as Indicated

high school results rural southern illinois
High School ResultsRural Southern Illinois

PrePBIS

PostPBIS

0

Detentions

90 Day

Period

slide25

The University of Louisville

Doctoral Program In Behavior Disorders

Terry Scott

College of Education and Human DevelopmentUniversity of Louisville

Louisville, KY 40292

t.scott@louisville.edu

(502) 852-0576