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Communism in China. AND BEYOND!!!. The Chinese Republic. Manchu Dynasty: The last of the Chinese dynasties People were mad that they allowed foreign influence in China Revolution of 1911: No more dynasties Chinese “Republic” began. Nationalist Party. Won the revolution

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communism in china

Communism in China

AND BEYOND!!!

the chinese republic
The Chinese Republic
  • Manchu Dynasty:
  • The last of the Chinese dynasties
  • People were mad that they allowed foreign influence in China
  • Revolution of 1911:
  • No more dynasties
  • Chinese “Republic” began
nationalist party
Nationalist Party
  • Won the revolution
  • Ran the Chinese Republic
  • Sun Yixian:1st leader of the Chinese Republic
  • Jiang Jieshi: 2ndleader of the Republic
rise of communism in china
Rise of Communism in China
  • When:began in the 1920’s
  • Reasons:Republic (nationalists) did not make things much better
  • Peasant class was attracted to communism
mao zedong
Mao Zedong
  • 1st leader of the communists in China
civil war
Civil War
  • Communists vs. Nationalists

vs.

the long march
The “Long March”
  • The “Long March”:the communists ran away to the mountains where they:
  • gathered more people for communism
  • trained to fight (against Nationalists)
  • prepared to run their new communist government
japan world war ii
Japan/World War II
  • Japan / World War II:when Japan attacked China (1937) the communists and nationalists:
  • stopped fighting each other
  • joined together
  • fought the Japanese
communist victory
Communist Victory

Two Chinas

  • Following WWII, civil war began again
  • Communists won
  • Nationalists ran away to the Island of Taiwan

+ USSR

+ USA

communist china
Communist China
  • The People’s Republic of China:official name of Communist China
  • Mao’s China:not everything worked out so well
great leap forward
MaoGreat Leap Forward
  • Mao’s attempt to improve the economy
  • Forced changes in agriculture (communes) and industry
  • It failed
cultural revolution
Cultural Revolution
  • Mao’s attempt to re-strengthen communism (1960s)
  • Reaction against intellectuals…many were killed
cultural revolution1
Cultural Revolution
  • Red Guard – young people sent, by Mao, into rural areas to “re-educate” the people
  • Little Red Book – every good communist had one and memorized it
deng s china
Deng’s China
  • Deng Xiaoping:(1970’s) took over after the death of Mao…introduced modern changes (economic but not political)
economic reform
Economic Reform
  • Economic Reform:Deng realized that China needed to reform economically
economic reform1
Economic Reform
  • Allowed some capitalism (private ownership of business)
economic reform2
Economic Reform
  • Allowed some western companies into certain areas of China
political freedoms
Political Freedoms
  • Anti-Communist Protests: new economic freedoms led some Chinese to want political freedoms
tiananmen square 1989
Tiananmen Square (1989)
  • Students led a pro-democracy (anti-communism) protest in 1989
  • Government sent in troops – thousands of protesters were killed…no democracy
recent events
Recent Events
  • Hu Jintao:current leader of China
  • Return of Hong Kong:
  • Had been a British colony since the 1800’s
  • Returned to China in 1997
  • Not supposed to change to communism for 50 years
korea
Key:

Communist

Democratic

Korea
  • The Partition:after WW II – Korea was split up by the allies: North – communist, South – democratic
korean war
Korean War
  • North invaded the South (1953)
  • In order to make one communist Korea
  • United Nations and U.S.stopped the invasion – for CONTAINMENT
slide38
Key:

Communist

Democratic

After WWII

Split at the 38th Parallel

slide39
Key:

Communist

Democratic

OMG!

Help us fight the Communists, USA!

September 1950

North Korean advance

slide40
Key:

Communist

Democratic

Oh, hi U.S. navy!

Maybe you could

BACK OFF?

November 1950

UN advance

slide41
Key:

Communist

Democratic

You’re welcome, North Korea 

January 1951

Chinese + North Koreans

slide42
Key:

Communist

Democratic

War Ends!

1953

Split at the Armistice Line

slide43
Key:

Communist

Democratic

Remember how it looked back in 1950?

slide44
NOT!

Key:

Communist

Democratic

OMG!!

SUCH A DIFFERENCE!

vietnam
FranceVietnam
  • Colonial History:had been a French colony – “French Indo-China”
  • After the French left – Vietnam was split: North – communist, South – democratic
ho chi minh
Ho Chi Minh
  • Leader of the communist North Vietnam
  • He was a “Nationalist” leader
vietnam war
Vietnam War
  • North invaded the South
  • Tried to make one communist Vietnam
  • U.S. supported the South – to stop the spread of communism (containment)
  • U.S. eventually pulled out – North won – today there in one Communist Vietnam
slide51
Ho Chi Minh’s Communist government

Anti-Communist government set up by France and the U.S.

two years later
Two years later…

The North Vietnamese took over the South

1 5 million south vietnamese flee
1.5 million South Vietnamese flee
  • 1.5 million Vietnamese had died in the war
  • 58,000 Americans died
slide61
Cuba
  • Location: Largest island in the Caribbean Sea (90 miles from Florida)

90 miles!

historical past
Historical Past
  • 1959 – communists under Fidel Castro took over Cuba
  • Castro was supported by the U.S.S.R.
  • U.S. tried to support a coup(the “Bay of Pigs Invasion”) it didn’t work
  • Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962
relationship with the u s today
Relationship with the U.S. Today
  • Uneasy relationship between Cuba and the U.S.
  • Some trade and travel restrictions continue
slide64
Totalitarian

Totalitarian

5-year plan

Collectivism

Great Leap Forward

Purges

Cultural Revolution

Allies in WWII

Enemies in Cold War

Enemies in Cold War

Isolationism

Most Chinese praised

him but changed

his policies

Some Soviets glad

he was gone

ad