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Nationalism vs Communism in China. Brian and Lynn. Key Ideas. The Main Conflict: Nationalism vs Communism Nationalists: Democracy Communists: Communism After the fall of Qing Dynasty, Nationalist and Communist parties fought for power Start of Communism in China. Back Ground.

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Presentation Transcript
key ideas
Key Ideas
  • The Main Conflict: Nationalism vs Communism
  • Nationalists: Democracy
  • Communists: Communism
  • After the fall of Qing Dynasty, Nationalist and Communist parties fought for power
  • Start of Communism in China
back ground
Back Ground

Let’s read the comic 

nationalism vs communism
Nationalism VS Communism

Key Characters

-----------------------------------------------------

-Sun Yixian: leader of Kuomintang, Nationalist

-Kuomintang: Nationalist Party

-Mao Zedong: Founder of Chinese

Communist Party

-Jiang Jieshi: Successor of Sun, Nationalist

and the battle begins
Nationalists

(Kuomintang)

VS The Chinese Communist Party

…And the Battle Begins
sun yixian
Sun Yixian
  • Sun Yixian formed a Nationalist group, Kuomintang.

-Kuomintang overthrew the Qing Dynasty.

-Sun became president of China(1912).

three principles of people
Three Principles of People
  • Sun’s Ideas: “Three Principles of People”
  • Nationalism: no more foreign rule
  • Democracy: give people rights
  • Economic security

Sun only lasted for 6 weeks as the president.

yuan shikai
Yuan Shikai
  • Yuan Shikai overthrew

Sun and became president

(1912).

-No more democracy:

Military Rule

  • Local Revolts
  • Yuan died (1916)
chaos in china
Chaos in China
  • Chaos in China (1916)

-The government of China lost its power.

-Warlords stole from peasants.

-Constant civil wars

-Peasants died of hunger.

wwi and china
WWI and China
  • Meanwhile, Europe was in WWI

-China’s government declared war against Germany.

-Thought the Allies would give back the German colonies in China

-Treaty of Versailles: Allies gave the German colonies to Japan

nationalists allies with communists
Nationalists allies with Communists
  • May Fourth Movement
  • Mao Zedong forms the Chinese Communist Party
jiang jieshi
Jiang Jieshi
  • Jiang Jieshi (a.k.a. Chiang Kai-shek) took over the Kuomintang.
  • Jiang betrayed the Communists and massacred the Chinese Communist Party (1927).
  • Jiang becomes president of China(1928).
the rise of mao zedong
The Rise of Mao Zedong
  • Jiang’s government was a failure
  • Peasants supported the Chinese Communist Party.
  • Mao Zedong’s Revolution:

-“Swimming in the peasant-sea”

-A Communist revolution based on the support from peasants

-Mao led the Red Army

mao zedong
Mao Zedong

“The force of peasantry is like that of the raging winds and driving rain. It is rapidly increasing in violence. No force can stand in its way. The peasantry will tear apart all nets which bind it and hasten along the road to liberation. They will bury beneath them all forces of imperialism, militarism, corrupt officialdom, village bosses, and evil gentry. ”

start of communism
Start of Communism
  • Mao’s Revolution=Marxist Ideas
  • Mao’s Chinese Communist Party was the start of Communism in China.
  • China is still a Communist country.
  • China’s Communist views have caused tension between Democratic Western Nations VS Communist Nations
the long march
The Long March
  • Civil War (1930): Mao Zedong (Communists) vs Jiang Jieshi (Nationalists)
  • 1933~1934 – Jiang’s Nationalist army grows

-Jiang repeatedly attacks the Communists and surrounds them

  • The Long March: Mao and his Communist army running away from the Nationalists
japan invades china
Japan Invades China
  • 1928: Japan and China goes to war-Japan takes control of a small part in China1936
  • Jiang is forced to make the "United Front" with the Communist party to fight against Japan.
  • 1937: Japan started an all out invasion against China by crossing Korea to Manchkuo.