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Indochinese war for independence after WW2

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Indochinese war for independence after WW2 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Indochinese war for independence after WW2 Indochina was divided into North- and South Vietnam and gained independence along with Cambodia and Laos. Temporary partition , north and south The Geneva Convention , northern vietnamese fled southwards The domino theory , communism

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slide2
Indochinese war for independence after WW2

Indochina was divided into North- and South Vietnam and gained independence along with Cambodia and Laos

slide3
Temporarypartition, north

and south

  • The GenevaConvention,

northernvietnamesefledsouthwards

  • The domino theory, communism
  • Insurgency in the South
  • National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam (NLF)
slide4
John F. Kenedywonelection in the US
  • South Vietnam needsmilitaryhelp
  • More frequentattacks from the north
  • The Ho Chi Minh trail (supply route)
  • The Green Beret was sent in
slide5
USS Maddoxattacked by torpedoes
  • US outnumbered, 1/10
  • Operation Rolling Thunder, 1965-69
  • Bombed back to the Stone Age
  • 1965, 3,500 US Marines were dispatched to the south
  • Defense, 200,000 by Dec.
  • Shake ’n’ Bakesoldiers
  • Nowheresafe for Americans
slide6
Most toxic dioxin available (Agent Orange), 75,700,000 liters sprayed
  • PAVN/NLF hidden under triple-canopy jungle
  • Completely removes foliage
  • In 2006, 4,000,000 victims of dioxin poisoning in Vietnam
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80.000 troopsstruck more than 100 cities and militaryobjectives
  • The Offensive was a greatdefeat
  • Started the anti-warmovement in USA
slide8
President Nixon started cutting down on the number of troops in Vietnam
  • Was caused by low morale among the troops and lack of support in the USA
  • The Army was replaced by the ”Vietnamization” groups
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Finallarge scale offensive
  • The goalwas to defeat the South Vietnamese forces and force the surrender of the goverment
  • The Fall of Saigon in 1975 marked the end of the war
slide10
US defeat, political?
  • ThirdIndochinaWar, 1979
  • Communisttakeover, 2 mio. civiliansfled
  • US turnedtheir back to the marines
  • No aid for veterans suffering mental or physical disabilities, turned to begging or crime
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