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African Independence After World War II. Europe and Africa Day 4 Notes. Let’s Review!. Why did imperialism first happen in Africa?. What effect did the World Wars have on revolutionary thought in Africa?. Revolutions in Africa.

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African independence after world war ii

African Independence After World War II

Europe and Africa Day 4 Notes





Revolutions in africa
Revolutions in Africa in Africa?

  • European nations had to how to handle nationalist revolutions in Africa.

  • Each nation handled it in different ways

    • The British were more willing to let their holdings go in Africa than most European nations.

    • The French attempted to persuade African countries to stay with them through aid and military support.

    • The Belgians and Portuguese were unwilling to give independence easily because of their want for resources. They then left African nations abruptly.


Meanwhile there are divisions amongst africans
Meanwhile there are Divisions Amongst Africans… in Africa?

  • Divisions had grown among African leaders inside of nearly every country about what to do about independence.

    • Some had been favored by the European leaders and feared losing power.

    • Some had been mistreated by the Europeans and the favored Africans and now wanted revenge.

    • Most had absolutely no experience running governments.

    • Most are military or tribal leaders.

  • This led to bloody conflicts about who should be in power.


Ghana and kenya british
Ghana and Kenya (British) in Africa?

  • Similar to Ghandi, Gold Coast leader Kwame Nkrumahled a campaign of civil disobedience, or boycotting British goods, in 1945.

    • The British grant full independence to the Gold Coast in 1957. Nkrumah renames the nation Ghana.

  • In Kenya, inspired by Ghana, Jomo Kenyatta leads violent fighting against British colonial rule, but more against white settlers who rejected political freedom for blacks.

    • Kenyatta leads a violent movement against the white settlers and eventually the British until they leave.


Key question
Key Question…. in Africa?

  • What is the best way to achieve independence?

    • Peaceful protest like in Ghana.

    • Violence like in Kenya

  • Both achieved independence, but Kenya was much bloodier. Did it have to be?


Revolution in the french colonies
Revolution in the French Colonies in Africa?

  • The French had always had a goal on incorporating the African colonies into French society.

  • In 1958, when they realized this wasn’t happening, they offered them a choice…

    • Be a part of the French government, with representatives, French aid, and contacts with France.

    • Or break all ties and have independence.

  • Guinea was the only to accept their offer of independence, and quickly found themselves isolated in Africa.

  • Two years later, France gave the other countries independence anyway without cutting ties.


Key question1
Key Question… in Africa?

  • You are a French colony in Africa, what do you choose?


Belgian and portuguese colonies
Belgian and Portuguese Colonies in Africa?

  • Both nations strongly opposed giving up any of their holdings…

    • Led to bloody independence movements.

  • The Congo was a great source of wealth for Belgium with timber and minerals.

  • It was also home to many different cultural groups.

    • After refusing independence for a number of years, when violence intensified around 1960, European powers began to just pick up and leave.

    • Too many groups of people sought to gain power, and has led to constant fighting since in Congo and other regions in the years since.


Key question2
Key Question… in Africa?

  • Do colonizing powers have a responsibility to make sure their colonies are being left in good hands?

  • Should the Belgians and Portuguese have set something up in the Congo without just walking away.


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