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America after WW2. Anticommunist crusade & the threat of Nuclear War http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r0dUIq8gHgc http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_W_lLhBt8Vg. House of Un-American Activities Committee. HUAC An investigative committee of the House of Representatives

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America after ww2

America after WW2

Anticommunist crusade & the threat of Nuclear War

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r0dUIq8gHgc

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_W_lLhBt8Vg


House of un american activities committee
House of Un-American Activities Committee

  • HUAC

  • An investigative committee of the House of Representatives

    • Investigate disloyalty and rebellious activities suspected of having Communist ties.

    • Committee members often branded witnesses as “red” if they refused to comply or hesitated in answering committee questions


Mccarthyism
McCarthyism

  • McCarthyism; the making of false accusations based on rumor or guilt by association

  • Senator McCarthy

    • Accused many Americans of being communist or communist sympathizers

      • Those targets

        • Government employees

        • Entertainment/Hollywood

        • Educators

  • Accused government officials and citizens without ‘real’ evidence


Blacklists
Blacklists

  • Hollywood Blacklist/Entertainment Industry

    • List of screenwriters, actors, directors, musicians and other U.S. entertainment professionals

  • These individuals were denied employment in the field because of their political beliefs or associations real or suspected


Loyalty oaths
Loyalty Oaths

  • Loyalty program

    • Screen all federal employees for their loyalty

      • A person might become a suspect for reading certain books, belonging to various groups, traveling overseas or even seeing certain foreign films

        • Seemed to confirm the American fears of Communism

  • Truman required loyalty oaths and background investigations on persons suspected of having communist ties or being a part of undemocratic associations.


Drills
Drills…

  • Fear of communism and the threat of nuclear war affected American life

  • 1950s and 1960s

    • schools held nuclear drills

    • bomb shelters were built in basements of homes and buildings.

    • Foreign Policy became a major issue in presidential elections.