The War for Independence . Lessons 1 and 2. The Second Continental Congress.
Lessons 1 and 2
After the battle at Lexington and Concord, the Committees of Correspondence worked quickly to spread the news. A second Continental Congress was called. The Patriots sent a letter called the Olive Branch Petition to King George, III, telling him of their desire for peace and asking him to repeal the Intolerable Acts.
George Washington was chosen to lead the colonial army.
Continental congress asked the colonies to give money to support the new army.
The Congress voted to start printing its own paper money, which came to be known as Continental Currency.Other Decisions by the Second Continental Congress
Washington made rules for the soldiers and trained them.
The soldiers proudly became called the Continentals.
Used mercenaries (hired soldiers from parts of Germany)
Fighting far away from home made it difficult to get supplies.Colonial Army vs. British Army
“We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness.”
Jefferson wrote that for all the reasons he had described, the 13 colonies were no longer a part of Britain.
Jefferson presented the Declaration of Independence to Congress. On July 2, 1776, Congress voted on cutting ties to British and it was approved without a single “no” vote.
Congress discussed the Declaration for 2 days. After small changes were made, it was approved July 4, 1776.
When John Adams wrote home to his wife, Abigail, he said that the event should be remembered “from this time forward for evermore.”