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Chapter 7

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  1. Chapter 7 The Respiratory System

  2. Overview of Structures, Combining Forms, and Functions © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning

  3. Structures of the Respiratory System

  4. Structures of theUpper Respiratory Tract

  5. Nose • Primary Functions • Exchanges air during inhaling and exhaling. • Warms, moisturizes, and filters inhaled air. • Related Combining Forms • nas/o • rhino/o

  6. Sinuses • Primary Functions • Provides mucus. • Makes bones of the skull lighter. • Aids in sound production. • Related Combining Form • sinus/o

  7. Pharynx • Primary Function • Transports air to and from the nose to the trachea. • Related Combining Form • pharyng/o

  8. Larynx • Primary Function • Makes speech possible. • Related Combining Form • laryng/o

  9. Epiglottis • Primary Function • Closes off the trachea during swallowing. • Related Combining Form • epiglott/o

  10. Trachea • Primary Function • Transports air to and from the pharynx to the bronchi. • Related Combining Form • trache/o

  11. Bronchi • Primary Function • Transports air from the trachea into the lungs. • Related Combining Forms • bronch/o, bronchi/o

  12. Alveoli • Primary Function • Air sacs that exchange gases with the pulmonary capillary blood. • Related Combining Form • alveol/o

  13. Animations © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning

  14. Respiratory Safeguards Click Here to play Respiratory Safeguards animation

  15. Structures of the Bronchial Tree Click Here to play Structures of the Bronchial Tree animation

  16. Asthma Click Here to play Asthma animation

  17. Answers to Learning Exercises © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning

  18. Matching Word Parts 1 7.1. cyan/o 7.2. somn/o 7.3. spir/o 7.4. pharyng/o 7.5. laryng/o Matching Word Parts 2 7.6. pneum/o 7.7. ox/o 7.8. pleur/o 7.9. bronch/o 7.10. phon/o Chapter 7 Answers

  19. Matching Word Parts 3 7.11. trache/o 7.12. tachy- 7.13. pulmon/o 7.14. -thorax 7.15. -pnea Definitions 7.16. mediastinum 7.17. epiglottis 7.18. visceral pleura 7.19. frontal 7.20. bronchioles Chapter 7 Answers

  20. Definitions 7.21. alveoli 7.22. hemoptysis 7.23. anthracosis 7.24. tachypnea 7.25. dysphonia Matching Structures 7.26. nasopharynx 7.27. oropharynx 7.28. laryngopharynx 7.29. larynx 7.30. trachea Chapter 7 Answers

  21. Which Word? 7.31. internal respiration 7.32. byssinosis 7.33. bacterial pneumonia 7.34. dyspnea 7.35. tracheotomy Spelling Counts 7.36. phlegm 7.37. empyema 7.38. pertussis 7.39. phrenic 7.40. antitussive Chapter 7 Answers

  22. Abbreviation Identification 7.41. acute respiratory distress syndrome 7.42. cystic fibrosis 7.43. functional endoscopic sinus surgery 7.44. sudden infant death syndrome 7.45. upper respiratory infection Chapter 7 Answers Term Selection 7.46. aspiration 7.47. hyperventilation 7.48. tracheoplasty 7.49. exhalation 7.50. asthma

  23. Sentence Completion 7.51. apnea 7.52. laryngospasm 7.53. pneumorrhagia 7.54. pleurodynia 7.55. bronchospasm Word Surgery 7.56. bronch/o, -rrhea 7.57. or/o, -pharynx 7.58. poly-, somn/o, -graphy 7.59. pneum/o, -rrhagia 7.60. rhin/o, -rrhea Chapter 7 Answers

  24. True/False 7.61. False 7.62. True 7.63. False 7.64. True 7.65. True Clinical Conditions 7.66. cystic fibrosis 7.67. pleurectomy 7.68. laryngoplasty 7.69. bronchodilator 7.70. influenza Chapter 7 Answers

  25. Clinical Conditions 7.71. epistaxis 7.72. hemothorax 7.73. septoplasty 7.74. bronchitis 7.75. tracheostomy Which Is the Correct Medical Term? 7.76. pleurisy 7.77. sputum 7.78. cyanosis 7.79. laryngoplegia 7.80. Cheyne-Stokes respiration Chapter 7 Answers

  26. Challenge Word Building 7.81. pharyngorrhea 7.82. pneumonitis 7.83. laryngologist 7.84. laryngorrhagia 7.85. pharyngolaryngitis 7.86. tracheostenosis 7.87. bronchoplasty 7.88. epiglottitis 7.89. tracheobronchoscopy 7.90. bronchoplegia Chapter 7 Answers

  27. Labeling Exercises 7.91. nasopharynx 7.92. oropharynx 7.93. laryngopharynx 7.94. intercostal 7.95. bronchus 7.96. nasal 7.97. epiglottis 7.98. trachea 7.99. left 7.100. alveolar Chapter 7 Answers