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World War II. The Homefront. Military Mobilization. Americans joined together Industrial war machine Selective Service 16.5 million men become G.I.’s. Women in Service. Volunteers 216,000 WACS – Women’s Auxiliary Army Corps WAVES – Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service

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world war ii

World War II

The Homefront

military mobilization
Military Mobilization
  • Americans joined together
  • Industrial war machine
  • Selective Service
    • 16.5 million men become G.I.’s
women in service
Women in Service
  • Volunteers 216,000
  • WACS – Women’s Auxiliary Army Corps
  • WAVES – Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service
  • SPARS – Semper Paratus (Always ready) Coast Guard
  • Marine Corps Women Reserve
  • WASP – Women Airforce Service Pilots
  • WAFS – Women Auxiliary Ferry Service
  • 200 army nurses killed
  • About 90 women  prisoners of war
spars
SPARS

Average age at enlistment was 22. Most were high school graduates.

slide5
WASP

38 WASP or trainees killed

african americans
African Americans
  • 1,000,000 entered the war (segregated)
  • Non-combat roles in Navy & Coast Guard
  • Army = tank battalion
japanese americans
Japanese Americans
  • Nisei: 2nd generation
  • Issei: 1st generation
  • 442nd “Go for broke”
    • Most decorated
      • 18,000 individual medals
      • 1 Medal of Honor, 53 Distinguished Service Crosses, 588 Silver Stars, 5,200 Bronze Star Medals, 9,486 Purple Hearts
relocation of japanese internment camps
Relocation of JapaneseInternment Camps
  • Rounded up by the FBI (threat to national security)
  • Internment camps in the west
  • Stayed there most of the war
  • Left alone in Hawaii
  • 48 hours to evacuate – fear of spying
  • After, government pays about $35 million
  • Lost over $400 million
slide11
Internment camps

Notice the tags.

What does this remind you of?

workforce mobilization
Workforce mobilization
  • 46.5 million 53 million
  • Wages rose 70% during war years
  • Limited strikes
  • Women
    • 60% less pay – no job security
  • Minorities
production increases
Production Increases
  • WAR PRODUCTION BOARD
    • Decides which goods should get raw materials
    • Limited gasoline people could buy
    • Scrap drives (metal, fat)
  • OFFICE OF PRICE ADMINISTRATION
    • Fix prices to keep prices down
    • Ration stamps
      • Meat, shoes, butter, sugar, coffee
      • Black Market
    • Increasing taxes
    • Selling war bonds
interpreting posters
Interpreting Posters
  • In advertising, everything is specific
  • Propaganda is trying to get you to believe a certain thing.
  • What are these posters saying to you?
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