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Now, create another timeline about the unification of Germany using these important dates:

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Now, create another timeline about the unification of Germany using these important dates: - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Now, create another timeline about the unification of Germany using these important dates:. 1848 – 1861 – 1862 – 1864 – 1866 – 1870 – 1871 –. Unification of Germany. 1848

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Now, create another timeline about the unification of

Germany using these important dates:

  • 1848 –
  • 1861 –
  • 1862 –
  • 1864 –
  • 1866 –
  • 1870 –
  • 1871 –
unification of germany
Unification of Germany
  • 1848
    • Prussia established a customs union “Zollverein” to unify German states with trade, but excluded Austria causing rivalry.
  • 1861
    • William I of Prussia replaced the unstable Frederick William IV, reformed the army, doubled it’s size.
  • 1862
    • Parliament rejected military budget, William turns to Otto von Bismarck to defy parliament and unite Germany through “blood and iron”!
slide3

“The great questions of the day will not be decided by speeches and resolution- that was the blunder of 1848 and 1849-but by blood and iron”-Otto von Bismarck

unification of germany1

Bismarck now has Kaiser (Emperor) William I

proclaim the German Empire in

January of 1871!

Unification of Germany
  • 1864
    • Prussia and Austria go to war to prevent Denmark from annexing Schleswig-Holstein. (All-German War).
  • 1866
    • Austro-Prussian War: Prussia wins, creates the North German Confederation. (Seven Weeks War).
    • Southern states remain independant
  • 1870-71
    • Franco-Prussian War: Prussia wins at Sedan and absorbs more of Southern Germany.
    • Force heavy reparations on France of 5 billion francs AND lost Alsace-Lorraine.
step 1 germany 1862
Step 1: Germany-1862

Alsace-

Lorraine

step 2 germany 1862 1867
Step 2: Germany 1862-1867

Schleswig-Holstein

1864: War with Den-mark (All German War)

1866: Austro-Prussian War (7 Weeks War)

-Prussia gains control over Northern German Confederation but the southern states remain independent, but many allied with Prussia

step 3 germany 1870 1871
Step 3: Germany 1870-1871

1870-1871: Franco-Prussian War:

1871: Alsace and Lorraine become part of German Empire

1871: Kaiser William I crowned emperor and creates the Second Reich

France

gives up

Alsace-

Lorraine

the german empire
The German “Empire”
  • First Reich: 800-1806
    • Holy Roman Empire
  • Second Reich: 1871-1923
    • Hohenzollerns
  • “Interim” Reich: 1923-1933 (Post WWI)
    • Weimar Republic
  • Third Reich: 1933-1945 (WWII)
    • Hitler