Factors unifying Germany Economic – Zollverein, railways, industry Political – events, Bismarck, others’ errors Military – armies, leaders Which was most important in unification of Germany? Did Bismarck plan it all or did he take advantage of opportunities as they arose?.
Key men in power
1861 King William 1 of Prussia
1859 von Roon, Prussian Minister of War
von Moltke, Chief of Prussian General Staff
1862 Bismarck Minister-President and Foreign Minister.
ie, war will unite Germany
“Affairs were arranged not by right but by might”
The crisis was sorted by Bismarck ignoring Landtag. He approved the plan himself
Solving the constitutional crisis is an example of Bismarck’s opportunism and realpolitik in the steps to unification.
Opportunism: taking advantage of opportunities that present themselves
Realpolitik: doing what is practical vs what is ideal
(Bismarck’s aim: Prussia to lead the German nation)
Christian of Glucksburg next in line to Danish throne. Would get Duchies of S and H as well.
German duke of Augustenberg also had claim to Duchies but agrees to give up his family claim.
- Bismarck asks Austria to help the Germans defeat Denmark.