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The Unifications of Italy and Germany. Unification of Italy. Italy before Unification. Maps. Why Did Italy Unite?. Nationalism Revolutions of 1848: Liberalism and Nationalism Split Re-emergence of France’s power. Italy Becomes a Nation-State. Giuseppe Mazzini (1805-1872)

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Presentation Transcript
why did italy unite
Why Did Italy Unite?
  • Nationalism
  • Revolutions of 1848: Liberalism and Nationalism Split
  • Re-emergence of France’s power
italy becomes a nation state
Italy Becomes a Nation-State
  • Giuseppe Mazzini (1805-1872)
  • Revolutionary democrat
  • Republican
giuseppe garibaldi 1807 1882
Giuseppe Garibaldi (1807-1882)
  • Republican
  • Revolutionary
  • Military leader
  • guerilla fighter
count camillo benso di cavour 1810 1861
Count Camillo Benso di Cavour (1810-1861)
  • nobleman
  • conservative
  • Prime minister of Sardinia-Piedmont
  • Right-hand man King Victor Emmanuel II (1849-1861)
napoleon iii emperor of france 1808 1873 r 1848 1870
Napoleon III, Emperor of France (1808-1873; r. 1848-1870)
  • Nephew of Napoleon
  • Re-emerging French Empire
  • Made a deal with Cavour :
  • France promised Nice and Savoy (from Piedmont)
  • Sardinia promised Lombardy and Venetia (from Austria)
unification of germany 1864 1871
Unification of Germany, 1864-1871
  • Otto von Bismarck (1815-1898)
  • Prussian diplomat
  • 1862 became Minister-President
unification of germany cont
Unification of Germany (cont.)
  • William I, King of Prussia (r. 1861-1888)
  • Schleswig-Holstein (1864)
  • Austro-Prussian war of 1866
    • The Seven Weeks’ War
franco prussian war of 1870 71
Franco-Prussian War of 1870-71
  • Leopold von Hohenzollern
  • Paris Commune
  • January 18, 1871: Second German Empire (Reich) declared in the Palace of Versailles, Hall of Mirrors