Weight management
Download
1 / 36

Weight Management - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 145 Views
  • Updated On :

Weight Management. Chapter 14. Basic Concepts. Body Composition Lean Body Mass Body Fat Essential fat Nonessential fat-(storage) - 3% of total fat in men, 12% in women Percent Body Fat - Women: < 8% at risk, Average 23%, > 32% at risk

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Weight Management' - jariah


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Weight management l.jpg

Weight Management

Chapter 14


Basic concepts l.jpg
Basic Concepts

  • Body Composition

    • Lean Body Mass

    • Body Fat

      • Essential fat

      • Nonessential fat-(storage) - 3% of total fat in men, 12% in women

  • Percent Body Fat -

    • Women: <8% at risk, Average 23%, > 32% at risk

    • Men: < 5% at risk, Average 15%, > 25% at risk


Energy balance l.jpg
Energy Balance

  • Crucial to keep a healthy ratio of fat and lean body mass

    • Energy

    • Consumption or expenditure of calories

    • Control over intake of calories


Evaluating body weight and body composition l.jpg
Evaluating Body Weight and Body Composition

  • Percent body fat and distribution of body fat = weather a change on body composition would improve health.

  • Overweight

  • Obesity

  • Height-Weight charts

  • Body Mass Index (BMI)

  • Body Composition


Assessment of body weight l.jpg
Assessment of Body Weight

  • Measurement.

    • Body Mass Index - BMI= (weight (kg)/Height (m)squared.

      lbs. = kg [lbs./2.2] inch = m [inch / 39.4].

      Healthy BMI = 18.8 - 24.9

      BMI of 25or above is Overweight

      BMI of 30 or above is Obese


Bmi results l.jpg
BMI Results

  • Elevated BMIs risks =.

    • BMIs between 23 and 25 double risk of High blood pressure in men. 26 triples the risk.

    • BMI of 24 increased the development of Type II diabetes by five times above that of a BMI of 21 in women.


Methods of determining percent body fat l.jpg
Methods of Determining Percent Body Fat

  • Hydrostatic (underwater)

  • Skinfold

  • Electrical Impedance Analysis

  • Waist-To-Hip ratio

    • Waist and the widest part of the hips

      • Ratio - 1.0 or higher for men

        0.8 or higher for women

        Indicate elevated risk


Excess body fat and wellness l.jpg
Excess Body Fat and Wellness

  • The amount of fat in the body - and its location- can have profound effects on health.


The health risks of excess body fat l.jpg
The Health Risks of Excess Body Fat

  • Obese individuals have a mortality rate twice that of non-obese

    • Associated with: diabetes, elevated cholesterol levels, impaired heart function, hypertension and cancer

    • Psychological health: depression, body dissatisfaction and eating disorders

  • Body Fat distribution and Health

    • Apples

    • Pears


Diets l.jpg
Diets

  • Weight cycling or YO-YO effect of dieting

  • Some feel that it may be harmful to both overall health and to efforts at weight lost.

  • Studies have not yet conclusively shown weight cycling be harmful.


Body image l.jpg
Body Image

  • Collective picture of the body as seen through the mind’s eye.

    • Perceptions

    • Images

    • Thoughts

    • Attitudes

    • Emotions


Is it possible to be too lean l.jpg
Is It Possible to Be Too Lean?

  • Less than 8% for women and less than 5% for men.

  • Extreme has been linked to problems with:

    • Reproductive

    • Circulatory

    • Immune system disorders

  • Female Athlete Triad

  • Amenorrhea


Factors contributing to excess body fat l.jpg
Factors Contributing To Excess Body Fat

  • Genetic Factors

  • Physiological Factors

    • Metabolism (RMR)

    • Hormones

    • Fat Cells

    • Carbohydrate Craving


Factors contributing to excess body fat17 l.jpg
Factors Contributing To Excess Body Fat

  • Lifestyle Factors

    • Eating

    • Physical Activity

  • Psychosocial


Adopting a healthy lifestyle for successful weight management l.jpg
Adopting A Healthy Lifestyle For Successful Weight Management

  • “Normal” body weight

  • Diet and Eating Habits

    • Total Calories

      • 1600 calories - Sedentary women and older adults

      • 2200 calories - Children, teenage girls, active women, and sedentary men

      • 2800 calories - Teenage boys, active men, and very active women.


Adopting a healthy lifestyle for successful weight management19 l.jpg
Adopting A Healthy Lifestyle For Successful Weight Management

  • Portion Sizes

  • Energy (calorie) Density

  • Fat Calories

  • Complex Carbohydrates

  • Simple Sugars and Refined Carbohydrates

  • Protein

  • Eating Habits


Physical activity and exercise l.jpg
Physical Activity and Exercise Management

  • Muscles needing energy.

    • Not anaerobic only burns simple sugars.

    • Aerobic burns more of the fat.

      • Must last 15-30 minutes.

      • Use all major muscle groups.

      • Gradually increase time of

        endurance activities.


Adopting a healthy lifestyle l.jpg
Adopting a Healthy Lifestyle Management

  • Thinking and Emotions

  • Coping strategies


Creating an individual weight management program l.jpg
Creating an Individual Weight Management Program Management

  • Assess your motivation and commitment.

  • Set a weight loss goal that is healthy and reasonable.

  • Create a negative energy balance.

  • Increase your level of physical activity.

  • Make changes in your diet and eating habits.

  • Keep records of your weight and behavior change progress.


Overcoming a weight problem l.jpg
Overcoming a Weight Problem Management

  • Self- Help programs.

    • Initial weight loss from fluids.

    • Very low calorie diets need to be avoided.

    • Diet Books:

      • Reject books with gimmicks or rotating levels of calories.

    • Diet Supplements and Diet Aids


Overcoming a weight problem24 l.jpg
Overcoming a Weight Problem Management

  • Legitimate programs provide;

    • Nutritional Education

      • Emphasis on exercise and change in lifestyle

      • Individual and Group counseling

      • Self-Help groups

      • Registered dietitians

      • Physician monitored program


Weight loss l.jpg

Weight Loss Management

Most Experts Recommend a Gradual Weight Loss of ½ to 2 Pounds Per Week!!

1 Lb. Of Fat Is About 3,500 Calories.

How? Reduce Diet by 250 Calories/day and Expend 250 Additional Calories/day


Prescription drug l.jpg
Prescription Drug Management

  • Appetite Suppressants

  • Produce a 5-15% weight reduction by controlling appetite.

  • Once drugs are stopped most return to original heavy weight.

  • Good option for very obese who need help getting started - permanent life style change.


Surgery l.jpg
Surgery Management

  • Severely obese - BMI of 40 or higher or are 100 pounds or more over recommended weight.

    • Roux-en-Y-gastric bypass

    • Liposuction


Psychological help l.jpg
Psychological Help Management

  • Acceptance and change

    • Can-do attitude

    • Body Image

    • Knowing when the limits to healthy change have been reached.

    • Knowing the unrealistic cultural ideal.


Eating disorders l.jpg
Eating Disorders Management

  • Problems with body weight and weight control.

  • 1 Million Americans develop anorexia or bulimia each year - 90% are female.

  • Factors in developing an eating disorder


Eating disorders30 l.jpg
Eating Disorders Management

  • Anorexia Nervosa - Failure to eat enough food to maintain a reasonable body weight.

    • Characteristics

      • Fear gaining weight.

      • Distorted self-image.

      • Compulsive behaviors and rituals.

    • Health Risks


Eating disorders31 l.jpg
Eating Disorders Management

  • Bulimia Nervosa - recurring episodes of binge eating followed by purging.

    • Characteristics

      • Rapidly consumes food, then purges.

      • Done in secret.

      • After a binge - feels ashamed, disgusted and physically and emotional drained.

    • Health Risks


Eating disorders32 l.jpg
Eating Disorders Management

  • Binge-Eating - Similar to Bulimia except no Purging behavior.

    • Eating patterns - very rapid, eating until uncomfortably full.

    • Often eat as a way of coping.

    • Likely to be obese.


Anorexia bulimia health risk l.jpg

AMENORRHEA Management

LOW BLOOD PRESURE AND HEART RATE

DRY SKIN AND FINE BODY HAIR

DISORDERS OF THE CARDIO, GASTRO,AND ENDOCRINE

CHRONIC HOARSENESS

ESOPHAGEAL TEARS

TOOTH DECAY

CARDIA ARRHYTHMIA

ABNORMAL MENSE

Anorexia BulimiaHealth Risk


Treatment l.jpg
Treatment Management

  • Address both eating disorder, misuse of food and manage emotions

    • Anorexia Nervosa

    • Bulimia Nervosa

    • Binge-Eating

  • Today’s Challenge


Correct weight l.jpg
Correct Weight Management

  • The “right” weight for any individual should be the result of a healthy lifestyle.


Thank you l.jpg
Thank You Management


ad