Weight Management. Over view. Overweight & Obesity Facts about overweight and obesity Risk Factors Body Mass Index (BMI) Waist to Hip Ratio Overweight women at greater risk of miscarriage Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Overweight How does excess weight cause disease
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Weight Management Over view • Overweight & Obesity • Facts about overweight and obesity • Risk Factors • Body Mass Index (BMI) • Waist to Hip Ratio • Overweight women at greater risk of miscarriage • Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Overweight • How does excess weight cause disease • Genetics and Environment • Health risks of being overweight or obese • Complications of Overweight and Obesity • Product – LeanGard & LeanGard Protein Drink Mix
Overweight & Obesity • Overweight • Overweight refers to increased body weight in relation to height. • Weight management is a long-term approach to a healthy lifestyle. • It includes a balance of healthy eating and physical exercise to equate energy expenditure and energy intake
Obesity • Obesity is defined as an excessively high amount of body fat or adipose tissue in relation to lean body mass. • Obesity is a risk factor for many chronic diseases such as Type 2 diabetes, hypertension and cardiovascular disease • Overweight and obesity are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health.
Facts about overweight and obesity • Overweight and obesity are the fifth leading risk for global deaths. • At least 2.8 million adults die each year as a result of being overweight or obese.
Risk Factors • Obesity is a mother of all diseases • In 2008, More than 1.4 billion adults, 20 and older, were over weight. Of these overweight adults, over 200 million men and nearly 300 million women were obese. • Overall, more than 10% of the world’s adult population was obese. • Worldwide obesity has nearly doubled since 1980. • More than 40 million children under the age of fivewere overweight in 2011. • Obesity is preventable.
Body Mass Index (BMI) • Is a simple index of weight-for-height that is commonly used to classify • underweight, overweight and obesity in adults. • According to BMI, obesity has three grades: • Grade I: BMI = 30 kg / m² – 34.9 kg / m²; • Grade II: BMI = 35 kg / m² – 39.9 kg / m²; • Grade III: BMI > 40 kg / m².
Waist to Hip Ratio • Waist to hip ratio is a simple measure of where fat is stored in your body. • Most people store their body fat in two places • Around their waist • Around their hips. • Less than 35 inches for women • Less than 40 inches for men • Storing extra weight around your waist (apple shaped) puts a person at a higher health risk than someone carrying extra weight around their hips and thighs (pear shaped).
Overweight women at greater risk of miscarriage Overweight women are at greater risk of miscarrying a perfectly healthy baby than those who are an acceptable weight, a new study has found. • Being overweight or obese is a major complicating factor in conceiving, carrying a child and birth and babies are more likely to suffer problems and birth defects. • The latest study carried out by Stanford University School of Medicine in California found 53 per cent of foetuses miscarried by overweight women were normal compared with 37 per cent of babies that were miscarried by women of a healthy weight. • Dr Mark Hamilton, chairman of the British Fertility Society, said: "It is recognised that women who are overweight are at a greater risk of miscarriage.
How does excess weight cause disease? • According to the National Health and Medical Research Council, obesity causes, worsens, or increases your risk of a raft of diseases, including: • Diabetes • Obstructive sleep apnoea • Polycystic ovarian syndrome • Hypertension • Heart attack and stroke • Some cancers • Fatty liver
Genetics and Environment • Obesity tends to run in families • On the development of obesity than the person's genetic makeup. • In fact, if your biological mother is heavy as an adult, there is approximately a 75% chance that you will be heavy. If your biological mother is thin, there is also a 75% chance that you will be thin
Lifestyle Smoking and drinking:both of them are silent and slow killers
Bad aspects of fast-food Although fast food is cheap it is also made with cheap ingredients which are full of fats and are unhealthy. Fast food is one of the largest contributors to obesity in people of the modern society today. • Weight-Gain Studies have found a direct link between fast food consumption and weight gain. The high levels of trans fat and calories present in fast foods leads to Obesity which can lead to type 2 diabetes, heart problems, hypertension, blocked arteries, increase in cholesterol levels, malnutrition, loss of muscle mass and depression.
Continued…. • Collection of Trans FatThe processed food used in the fast food industry is loaded with trans fat, which increases the ‘bad cholesterol’ and reduces the ‘good cholesterol’ levels. • HeadachesThe processed meat used in fast food contain nitrates, nitrites, artificial sweeteners and MSG which triggers a migraine attack. • Increased Cholesterol LevelsConsuming fast foods leads to an increased intake of cholesterol. The cholesterol molecules attach themselves to the arteries which leads to their thickening or clogging and lead to high blood pressure and heart attack/ failure.
Continued…. DepressionDepression is one of the many negative effects of fast food. Fast foods do not contain antioxidants, foliate and omega -3s which is necessary for good mental health. Fast foods contain preservatives, emulsifiers, thickeners, stabilizers and flavor enhancers which can affect the mental well being of the person. Excessive Sodium IntakeFast foods contain high amounts of sodium which can lead to hypertension and high blood pressure. Sexual DysfunctionWhat we eat affects our physical, mental, and sexual health. Fatty acids found in fast foods are a major contributor to sexual dysfunction, not only does it cause weight gain but can trigger biochemical changes which effect libido, sperm count and female ovulation.
continued… Food PoisoningThe processed meat is many times contaminant with manure which contains Escherichia Coli and Salmonella Addictive Nature of Fast FoodsHigh levels of sugar and fat can cause blood sugar to spike and then crash suddenly. One of the harmful effects of fast food consumption is the addiction or the incessant craving it causes among people. PFCA ContaminationThe wrappers used in the fast food industry are coated with perfluoroalkyls (PAC) which prevents the grease from leaving through. These have been proven to get inside the human body and change into more harmful forms which can lead to many health complications.
Health risks of being overweight or obese • Feel tired and lacking in energy. • Experience breathing problems (for example, shortness of breath when moving around, or • not being able to cope with sudden bursts of physical activity like running across the road). • Feel that you sweat a lot compared with other people. • Develop skin irritation. • Have difficulty sleeping. • Experience back and joint pains which can affect your mobility.
Complications of Overweight and Obesity • Obesity & Coronary Heart Disease • CHD is a condition in which a waxy substance called plaque (plak) builds up inside the coronary arteries. These arteries supply oxygen-rich blood to your heart • Obesity also can lead to heart failure. This is a serious condition in which your heart can't pump enough blood to meet your body's needs. • Obesity & Stroke • Being overweight or obese can lead to a buildup of plaque in your arteries. Eventually, an area of plaque can rupture, causing a blood clot to form. • If the clot is close to your brain, it can block the flow of blood and oxygen to your brain and cause a stroke. The risk of having a stroke rises as BMI increases.
Obesity & Type 2 Diabetes • Diabetes is a leading cause of early death, CHD, stroke, kidney disease, and blindness. Most people who have type 2 diabetes are overweight. • Obesity & Cancer • Being overweight or obese raises your risk for colon, breast, endometrial, and gallbladder cancers. • Obesity & Osteoarthritis • Osteoarthritis is a common joint problem of the knees, hips, and lower back. The condition occurs if the tissue that protects the joints wears away. • Extra weight can put more pressure and wear on joints, causing pain. • Obesity & Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) • Obesity can cause menstrual issues and infertility in women.
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LeanGard® Clinical Studies % of Change in Waist:Hip ratio Reduction in Body Weight DATA FROM 12 WEEK CLINICAL STUDY
LeanGard® Clinical Studies DATA FROM 12 WEEK CLINICAL STUDY
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