Bringing stories to life Figurative Language
How does Figurative Language work? The writer or speaker describes something through the use of unusual comparisons, for effect, interest, and to make things clearer.
A few examples This presentations focuses on. . . Simile Metaphor Personification
Simile Simile is a comparison that uses the word “like” or the word “as” to compare two unlike things. Andrew’s fingers are curled like claws. They can feel the golden trophy inches away. As his mother leads him off to the car, he cries out, “I want it!” “Fingers are curled like claws” is comparing fingers to claws, using the word like.
Metaphor A metaphor is a direct comparison of two unlike things. So, unlike a simile, a metaphor calls one thing something else. • And so, in all these ways Zinkoff grinds down the patience of Mrs. Biswell. He is the greenboard against which her stick of chalk is reduced day by day. By December it is a nub. Zinkoff is called “the greenboard.” Mrs. Biswell is the “chalk reduced day by day.”
Personification Personification is giving human qualities to an object, animal, idea or emotion. • The joy streaming up from his face makes her smile. The emotion, joy, is given a human quality of streaming, or Moving, which joy can’t do.