Let’s talk taxes! • Today taxes are really different than taxes in the past • Property, income, state, federal, garbage, sales • What is done with the taxes that are collected? • Runs the city, government, parks, policemen, firemen, president salary, all government employees salary • Tax brackets: the more money you make the more money you pay • Lowest bracket: you barely make anything…if you have nothing, how can you pay? • The tax amount goes up the more you make
Who lived in CA in 1834? • Native Americans • Californios • Born and raised in CA • Some had money • Spanish Dons • Wealthy Spanish citizens who lived in CA • Mexicans • There were wealthy Mexicans and poor Mexicans • People are constantly coming to CA
Pretend you are the Mexican government in 1834 • If you were them, who would you like the most? • Those who are able to do what you want • Collecting money was one of the most important things to the Mexican government • Those who had money are who they liked the most. • The ranchero and Mexican government was a symbiotic one • “If you scratch my back, I’ll scratch yours”
Land grants gave rise to the rancho economy • Wealthy settlers established ranchos on their leand • Rancho economy centered around cattle • Ranchos only produced just enough to support its residents • For other supplies that were needed, rancho owners bartered (traded) and sold cattle hides. • Rancho economy depended on cheap labor of CA Indians • In return for food and shelter, native americans worked on the rancho.
What was life like for Native Americans? • After the missions they could leave, but many had nowhere to go • Went to work on the ranchos as servants and laborers • Others went to Mexican towns to look for jobs • Some formed new societies further away from Mexicans • Fought against the Mexican government • Raided ranchos and captured horses
What was life like for Native Americans after Mexico became independent from Spain?