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Native American Homes - Tepee PowerPoint Presentation
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Native American Homes - Tepee - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Native American Homes - Tepee

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  1. Native American Homes - Tepee • Dirt Floors • No Windows • Open Fire • Few Belongings

  2. Pre History - Present Pueblo • Made of Adobe Brick (Dried Clay) • Flat Roof • Modern Interpretations Include Flagstone Floors and Beehive Fireplaces

  3. First Colonists 1640-1720 • Half Timbered House (Wood and Plaster) • Thatched Roof • Shingles • Clapboards

  4. Cape Cod • Pitched Roof • Gables • Dormers • Ell – Extension at Right Angles

  5. Saltbox House • Two Story Pitched Roof Home with Ell Attached • Upscale For Its Time

  6. Garrison House • Second Story Overhang • Elizabethan England Copy (1558-1603) • Williamsburg, VA

  7. Log Cabins • Settlers • Using Materials Easily On-Hand • So Common – Truly American Building Style • Swedish in Origins

  8. Spanish Settlements • 1565 St. Augustine • Separate Kitchens Reduce Heat • Adobe Walls • Flat Roof/Tile Roof • Stucco (Plaster of Cement, Sand and Lime)

  9. French (Norman) Settlements • High Pitched Roofs • Shutters • Southern Plantation is an Interpretation • Large Porches/Elevated for Flood “Insurance”

  10. Later AmericanGeorgian 1700-1780 • Pediment • Formal Balance • Large Symmetrical Windows • Cornice • Central Hall • Front Door Focal Point • Gabled/Hip Roof

  11. Federal Style 1770-1830 • Adam Style 1780-1820 • Elements from Greece and Rome • Fan Lights • Early Classical Revival 1770-1830 • Portico • Government Buildings

  12. Romantic Revival 1820-1880 • Greek Revival 1825-1860 • Supported by Columns • Gabled Roof • Elaborate Entrance

  13. Romantic Revival 1820-1880 • Gothic Revival 1840-1880 • High Peaked Gables • Lacy “Gothic” Gingerbread Details • Wood More Available in America

  14. Romantic Revival 1820-1880 • Italianate 1840-1885 • Italian Villas • Square • Two Stories • Wide Overhangs with Decorative Brackets • Inverted “U” Windows

  15. Victorian Style 1860-1900 • Mansard Style • Also Called Second Empire (French) • 1860-1880 • Sloping Roof on All Sides • French Windows • Decorative Dormers

  16. Victorian Style 1860-1900 • Queen Anne Style 1870-1890 • Irregular Roof • Wrap Around Porches • Decorative Trim • Circular Turret/Tower • Painted Ladies

  17. Colonial Revival 1880-1955 • Front Door Focus • Pediments • Pilasters • Symmetrical • Influenced by Federal and Georgian • Reaction to Victorian • Simple

  18. Tudor Style 1890-1940 • Half Timbered • Steep Roof • Gables • “Chimney Pots” • Decorative Pipes at the Top of Chimneys

  19. Chateauesque Style 1880-1910 • Castle-Like • Towers • Turrets • Ornamental Cresting • Elaborate Moldings • Wealthy Impressive Homes

  20. Mission Style 1890-1920 • Hispanic/Spanish Influence • Southern California • Parapets – Low Walls or Railings Along Balconies

  21. Prairie Style 1900-1920 • Frank Lloyd Wright • Low, Horizontal Lines • Reaction to Victorian Also • Leaded Windows • Space Within Space • Hip Roof

  22. Craftsman Style 1905-1930 • Developed at the Same Time as Prairie Style • California • Low Pitched Gable Roof • Bungalow (Chicago)

  23. International Style 1925-Present • Modern Appeal • Minimalist Appeal • Flat Roof • Geometric Shapes

  24. Ranch Style 1935-Present • Low, Single Story • Hip or Pitched Roof • Postwar Popular • “Cookie Cutter”

  25. Split Level 1950s-Present • Three or Four Levels • Suburban Home • Takes Advantage of a Sloping Lot

  26. A-Frame 1940-Present • Gabled Roof Goes All the Way to the Ground • Large Windows • Takes Advantage of Views • Makes for Tough Interior Design

  27. Geodesic Dome 1940- Present • R. Buckminster Fuller • Efficient • Triangular Frames

  28. Katrina Cottage 2006-Present • 500-1000 Square Feet • Dignified Alternative to FEMA Trailers • $700