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Road Transport Safety PDO Managers, CH & Supervisors know and follow

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Road Transport Safety PDO Managers, CH & Supervisors know and follow the RTS rules and specifications December 2001. Purpose of this session: “Driving is our biggest hazard in PDO, as evident by the spate of recent RTA's - some of them with tragic consequences.

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Road Transport Safety

PDO Managers, CH & Supervisors

know and follow

the RTS rules and specifications

December 2001


Purpose of this session:

“Driving is our biggest hazard in PDO, as evident by the spate of recent RTA's - some of them with tragic consequences.

After this session and the short time required to cascade it down the organisation, I am not prepared to accept any more the explanation that PDO's Road Transport Safety and Journey Management rules have not been applied because PDO Managers, Department Heads or Contract Holders are not familiar with them.”

Steve Ollerearnshaw PDO MD 28/Nov/2001


PDO & Contractors: Road Safety Performance

19981999 2000

Millions km driven 149 116 118

Road Accidents 231 144 158

Rollovers 51 32 43

Dead 8 0 10

2001:8Dead 1Permanent Disability?

Road Safety: 40% of the LTI’s 90% of the Fatalities


Contents of this briefing pack:


Road Transport Safety Specifications:

  • the Driver: Rules for the driver DDC
  • the Journey/Driving: Rules for driving Work/Non-Work Safe Journey Management Night driving
  • the Vehicle: Specifications Speed-limiters RAS RSMT
There is no magic bullet in the

combat against road accidents.

Dick Twilhaar SPE article 6/2000


  • having good rules and specifications
  • knowing them
  • and following them

is an absolutely essential weapon.

Compliance !


Rules not followed

Rules not followed: - PDO staff fly to interior- JM for trips >20 km- Speed-limit 100 km/hrUsed 4WD private car: NO roll-bar

Straight blacktop Fahud-Nahada

30/Oct LTI Permanent Total Disability ??

Rollover !!


Rules not followed

Rules not followed: - Night driving- JM for trips >20 km- Speed limit?9/Nov: LTI

Straight Blacktop near Fahud: NIGHT

Rollover !!


Rules not followed

Blacktop road Fahud- Nizwa

Rules not followed: - JM for trips >20 km- Speed limit - RAS inspection- No PDO driving permit20/Nov: Fatality + LTI

Rollover !!


The Rules where are they specified?

Current Road Transport Safety rules/specifications:

  • HSE-SM Chapter 5: Road Transport Safety (rev 2: Oct/96)
    • Add Nov 2000: Night Driving, 2WD LCOG on graded
    • Add Jun 2001: DDC, 21 yr, LV/HGV, Graded/Blacktop, Airbags/ABS
  • TSM: Transport Standards Manual (rev: Jan/00)

All above replaced by as of Jan/2002:

  • SP-2000 “HSE Specification - Road Transport”
    • Driver requirements
    • Driving and journey requirements
    • Vehicle requirements

It is “on the web”

Where to find “Drive to Survive” Information on the web


The Rules

Rules for the driver. The driver shall:

  • ensure all wear seatbelt
  • be 21 years of age Minimum
  • hold a Driving License valid with ROP
  • hold a valid PDO Driving Permit (see details)
  • not be under influence of alcohol/drugs
  • not use a GSM (NOT even hands-off GSM)
  • be rested: max driving hours
    • LV: 2hrs/15min rest Max 12 shift - 10 hrs driving
    • HGV: 4hrs/1hr rest Max 12 shift - 10 hrs driving
  • Professional: certified medically fit every 2 yrs

Defensive Driving


To prevent death, injury and damage resulting from road traffic incidents

defensive driving courses pdo permit framework as of 01 july 2001 courses by oti nti tati sts

Defensive Driving

Defensive Driving Courses / PDO Permit Frameworkas of 01/July/2001: courses by OTI, NTI, TATI & STS

DDC-2 Defensive Driving Heavy Vehicle Blacktop Roads2 days (one off)

DDC-1 Defensive DrivingLight Vehicle Blacktop Roads2 days (one off)

DDC-5Bus1/2 day(one off)

DDC-3Graded1/2 day(one off)

DDC-4Tanker1/2 day(one off)


Yearly (DDC-6): Professional Assessment Drive2 hrs Incl. test on knowledge of PDO-Rules


Defensive Driving

  • Who: Anyone who drives a vehicle on PDO business Also for Blacktop as of 01/July/2002 (= NEW!!)
  • What Course:Where:
  • DDC01 - Light Vehicle Blacktop Muscat
  • DDC02 - Heavy Vehicle Blacktop Muscat
  • DDC03 - Light & Heavy Graded Road Fahud/Nimr
  • DDC04 - Bulk Tanker Driver Coast/Interior
  • DDC05 - Bus Driver Coast/Interior
  • DDC06 - Annual Refresher Coast/Interior

Defensive Driving

Q. Why two days for DDC01 & 02?

A. The course aims to influence driver attitude and behaviour through a combination of classroom based tutorials and in-car practical experience with a professional Driving Instructor. This can NOT be achieved in 1 day.

Note: The course is once-off. There is no 3-yearly refresher but an annual assessment drive taking approximately 2 hrs.

Q. Why are DDC01 & 02 only available in Muscat?

A. It is only in the Capital Area that traffic conditions allow real experience of applying defensive driving techniques. This maximises the learning value for the participants.


Defensive Driving

Q. I’ve been driving for twenty years and never had an accident. What can this course teach me?

A. The course focuses on the attitude/behaviour & techniques necessary to avoid road traffic accidents. This requires drivers to change their mindset. Many “experienced” drivers come to the course and fail (ca 10%) because their behaviour & technique is very poor. Everyone will learn from the course: they will become better defensive drivers.

Q. My PDO Driving Permit expires in March 2002. When should I do the course?

A. ASAP (but before expiry of the old “graded” PDO permit). All drivers under 25 must do the course by 1/July/02. Permits due to expire after 1/July/03 are cut short by 1 year !! If a permit expires on 1/Sept/03 this becomes 1/Sept/02


The Rules

Rules for the journey/driving:

  • Comply with ROP rules
  • All to wear seatbelts
  • Comply with max Speed limits as indicated.
  • Safe Journey Management (SJM) for trips over 20 km
  • Comply with No-Night Driving Rules
  • Follow the dust code
  • No “loose” passengers in cargo compartment

The Rules

Rules for work-related transport: drive or fly

  • Company shall provide transport between residence & place of work in the interior. Company shall discourage use of private vehicles for this purpose.
  • Between Muscat area and Field:
    • PDO staff: shall fly (unless written permission from Dept Head)
    • Regular contractor commuters (more than one journey per month) on trips greater than a 5hrs road journey time shall fly.
    • Other contractors: fly or drive

Further guidance on this topic is required. 2 teams are

currently reviewing this and guidelines are expected

end Q1/2002.


The Rules

Driving: Work or Non-Work related?

Work related:

  • Traveling on company owned/arranged transport (incl: company car)
  • PDO business: from normal place of residence/work to temporary place of work on public or private transport
  • Traveling from temporary accommodation to a place of work

Not work related:

  • Commuting from normal residence to normal place of work in NON-company arranged/owned transport. Once inside the company fence it becomes work related.
  • Travel in private transport from home to regular assembly point for collection into company transport
  • Non-PDO business related travel in allocated company vehicles for unrestricted personal use.
  • Deviation from a business trip for personal reasons (provided no breach of company procedures)

The Rules

Work related travel: controls MUST be in place


  • Travel in a PDO/Company car for business
  • MAF to Galfar office for a meeting and back in private car
  • From home to Galfar office and then to MAF in private car
  • From Nizwa (home) to MAF by, private transport, for training if normal work place is in the interior

Questions ??:

  • Private car on Work related travel?: no clear guidelines! These are being developed.Suggest to minimise: use POOL-cars as much as possible.
  • Motorbike on work related travel?: no clear guidelines!In view of inherent HIGHER risk strong advise for supervisors NOT to allow this.

The Rules

NON-Work related travel: No PDO controls


  • Regular commuting between home & office (normal place of work)
  • Authorized use of company vehicle for personal reasons. Eg: trip to Sur on Saturday for business. Car is taken on Thursday to stay with relatives in Ibra.

However…….. DUTY of CARE !!!

  • Road Safety Awareness for staff
  • Defensive Driving training for staff (& family members)??

These maximum speed-limits apply only when there are no signs specifying a

lower limit!

Driving: Speed-limits

Vehicle Speed

Type Limit (km/hr)

Light 80 Graded

100 PDO BT

120 Gov BT

HGV 80 Graded


100 Gov BT

L Bus 80 Graded

100 PDO BT

120 Gov BT

H Bus 80 Graded

100 PDO BT

100 Gov BT


Safe Journey Management

  • What ?
  • Why ?
  • When ?
  • How ?
  • Who ?

Safe Journey Management

What ?

A system for planning, authorising and closing out journeys

Why ?

To reduce the risk of accidents and enable emergency response (man lost)

When ?

All journeys except journeys within towns, within 20km of a work site etc


Safe Journey Manager completes Journey Plan, gives copy to driver

Driver rings SJM on reaching destination:


Safe Journey Management

Who ? Responsibilities:

Authorising Person

Guarantees the integrity of the Safe Journey Management system. The Authorising Person shall be a “Senior or Middle Manager”.

Safe Journey Manager

Planning, monitoring and analysis of the journey and initiating emergency response procedures. The SJ Manager shall have completed the SJM course.


Responsible for vehicle, passengers and load and driving according to the journey plan.


Safe Journey Management

Authorises Journey Management System

Reduces the risks to ALARP

Guarantees Integrity of JM System

Assures competence of JM and Driver

The Authorizing SJM Person


Safe Journey Management

Planning, monitoring and analysis of a journey

Initiates emergency procedures

Responsible for planning return/ onward journey

Remains responsible for vehicle and driver until return to home base

The Safe Journey Manager



Weather Conditions

Route Planning



Road Conditions



Safe Journey Management

What should a Journey Manager know about ?


Safe Journey Management

The Safe Journey Manager: Skills and attributes

  • Authority
  • Competence: must have completed the SJM course
  • Familiarity with the Driving Environment
  • Local Knowledge
  • Recognition

Safe Journey Management

The Safe Journey Plan


Night Driving


PDO and Contractor personnel

shall not drive

on graded or blacktop roads, or off road, outside of the Muscat Capital or other urban areas during the night.


Night Driving

Why not?

The drivers of these vehicles all collided with camels in the dark


Night Driving

  • Exceptions to the Rule:
  • Risk vs cost - night driving can be authorised if:
  • Production loss: > 150m3 nett oil
  • Unplanned operational costs: > US$15,000.-
  • Journey camp/camp: <5 km
  • Journey camp/worksite: <5km
  • Journey camp/worksite on 24 hour ops (Rig, hoist): <15km
  • Emergencies
  • Planned Long distance Cargo Haulage using HGVs
  • Long distance Crew Changes using a heavy bus
  • Well Services Hoist moves convoy (slow): up to 60km

Night Driving

For any night driving a planning effort is always required in order to reduce the risk to “as low as reasonably practicable” (ALARP)

Always apply Safe Journey Management


Vehicle Specification

Specification for the vehicle:

  • Vehicle types:
    • Light (LV): max 4000 kg kerb (=MT) & max 8 passengers
    • Heavy Goods (HGV): >4000 kg kerb
    • Bus: Light = 9-25 passengers Heavy = 26 or more passengers
    • Trailer: towed by a motor vehicle
  • NOT a vehicle but PLANT:
    • Cranes and handling equipment (forklifts)
    • Earthmoving & construction equipment (graders, bulldozers, etc)
  • Each vehicle type has specifications for:
    • Base spec: for blacktop roads
    • Additional requirements for: graded roads
    • Additional requirements for: off-road

Vehicle Specification

Specification for Light Vehicle (main items):

  • Base Spec (blacktop):
    • Seatbelts for all seats (3-Point in front and rear outside seats)
    • Luggage space separated from passengers
    • ABS & 2 airbags for new vehicles registered after 1/Sept/2001
    • First Aid kit - Fire extinguisher
    • No bull-bar - Hazard triangle
    • Radio/cassette - Air Conditioning
  • Add requirements Graded Roads:
    • Rollover bar - 190 mm ground clearance
    • 2 high intensity rear lights - 2nd spare tyre
  • Add requirements Off-Road:
    • 4WD with limited slip or diff-lock

Speed-limits & ADSL limiters

Speed ADSL Speed Limiter Settings

Veh Type Limit (km/hr) PDO Veh Contractor Veh.

Light 80 Graded Current Current

100 PDO BT Interior Based Interior Based

120 Gov BT Coastal Based None

HGV 80 Graded All All *

80 PDO BT - -

100 Gov BT All All *

L Bus 80 Graded All All *

100 PDO BT - -

120 Gov BT All All *

H Bus 80 Graded All All *

100 PDO BT - -

100 Gov BT All All *

*: New contracts as of 01/Jan/2002



Roadworthiness Assurance Standards

Managing: Maintenance & inspection of vehicles to ensure their roadworthiness.

All vehicles used in PDO Operations shall comply with RAS.

Contractors & PDO must comply with RAS:

Only use Vehicles (and sub-contract vehicles) which meet PDO Specifications, Vehicles maintained to RAS standard throughout the year, and that are RAS stickered annually.




1: RAS Inspection

by “RAS Approved” companies & inspectorsa) RAS sticker prior to commencing work on Contractb) annual renewal

  • Purpose: ensure vehicle complies with PDO standards.
  • Validity: RAS sticker issued for 12 months
  • Stickers: 1) Blacktop only 2) Blacktop & Graded
  • Currently 29 RAS Inspection stations

2: Monthly Safety Checkby owner in his workshops or by dealer

  • Purpose: maintain vehicles to RAS compliant standards throughout year; between annual RAS inspections.
  • Concern: Are these being done? AUDIT!



3:Daily Checks

by the driver, against a written/pictorial list

  • Purpose: spot and report defects for corrective action.
  • Concern: Are these being carried out?

4: RANDOM CHECKSby Road Safety Monitoring Teams (RSMT)at roadside or workshop

  • random compliance check against PDO vehicle and RAS maintenance standards.



  • RAS Approved Inspection Companies:

CSM/5 responsible for their competence and work quality.

    • Checked at least annually; more frequently if quality problems arise; suspension.
  • Contractor Vehicle Standards:

CH’s to act on RSMT defect reports. Ensure defects are rectified/closed out .

    • Audit/Review performance with contractor.
    • CHs to audit Drivers Daily Checks
    • CHs to audit Monthly Safety Checks
    • Audit compliance with the Standards requirements.


TOOLS to Assist Contract Holder:

  • RSMT Reports: Category A, B, C, D, contractor specific, illustrates level of compliance with RAS
  • RSMT with CH/CSR do vehicle maintenance systems audits/inspections at contractor vehicle workshops. Schedule through CSM/51.RSMT issues audit/inspection report with advice on correcting deficiencies.
  • Full RAS details: TSM - Equipment Section (soon replaced by SP-2000).
  • Full RSMT reports: “Drive to Survive” web on SWW & WWW

It is “on the web”

Where to find RAS Information on the web


It is “on the web”

List of RAS authorized inspection companies


It is “on the web”

RASDrivers DailyVehicleChecklist



Three RSM Teams:

  • Based in: Nimr, Qarn Alam, Fahud.
  • One team rotates to MAF/RAH-Coast as required.
  • Team members have a mechanical/workshop supervisors background.

Contract Holder: CSM/51



RSMT Scope of Work/Tasks & Targets:

  • Random vehicle & driver checks/coaching at roadside and workshops (600 to 700 per month).
  • Follow up on defect close outs noted from above
  • Vehicle Workshop/Maintenance System audits (with CH/CSR)
  • Technical RTA investigation assistance when requested
  • Safety Campaigns: Road Safety Presentations
  • Facilitating Drivers Forums
  • Pre-mobilisation vehicle inspections on request of CH
  • RAS Approved Contractor audits for CSM/5

RSMT: Counsel and Advise




  • Data from checklists is processed & categorised by:
    • Contractor,
    • Asset/Area
    • Fault category
  • Reported weekly, monthly, quarterly
  • Monthly reports to Contract Holder
  • All reports available published on RSMT pageson the “Drive to Survive” website (SWW & WWW)


Non-Compliance Categories on RSMT reports:

  • A: Serious mechanical defects that impact safe operation of the vehicle
    • Immediate rectification required
  • B: Vehicle specifications or less serious faults.
    • Three days to comply
  • C: Driver Dangerous Driving
    • Counselling, reporting
  • D: Non Compliance with PDO Procedures
    • no RAS sticker, driver permit, Water Health Certificate, SJM.
    • Reported same day to PDO CH or CSR


Purpose of RSMT reports:

  • TOOL to Assist Contract Holder in identifying:
    • Poor Contractor vehicle maintenance standards,
    • Driver (mis)-behaviour,
    • Non adherence to Road Safety Procedures.
    • Improve performance
    • Set pro-active targets:
    • eg. To reduce % of A & B defects in 2002,

It is “on the web”

RSMT Checklist used during road-side inspections


It is “on the web”

Where to find RSMT Information on the web



  • Know & Follow the Rules: compliance !!
  • Seat-belts
  • NO Night Driving
  • Speed/Speed limiters
  • Safe Journey Management (fatigue)
  • RAS/Daily inspections
  • Dust Code
  • Private vehicles


Know & Follow the RulesDrive to Survive