Supply Chain Security & Trade and Road Transport Facilitation The Turkish Experience - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

04 november 2012 alexandria egypt n.
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Supply Chain Security & Trade and Road Transport Facilitation The Turkish Experience

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  1. 04 November 2012, Alexandria/Egypt SupplyChainSecurity& TradeandRoad Transport FacilitationTheTurkishExperience

  2. Silk RoadInitiative Caravanserai Project • JointUse of Border Gates Turkish-GeorgianCooperation • Modernization of BorderCrossingPoints • SimplifiedCustomsCorridor Turkish-RussianJoint Project Outline

  3. SILK ROAD INITIATIVE

  4. SILK ROAD INITIATIVE • Background • Caravanserai Project • Evaluations

  5. SILK ROAD INITIATIVE • For over 2000 years, the historical Silk Road enabled people to transport goods, served as a conduit for the spread of knowledge, ideas, cultures between east and west • Silk Road Customs Initiative aims at revitalization of this historical ‘bridge’ and ‘cultural heritage’ for the prosperity of our nations

  6. SILK ROAD INITIATIVE “International Forum on the Role of Customs Administration on Facilitating and Promoting Trade Among Silk Road Countries” 1. Forum: Antalya Declaration (24-25 October2008) 2. Forum: Baku Declaration (11-12 Nov.2009) 3. Forum: Tehran Declaration (19-20 October2010) • 4. Forum: BatumiDeclaration (26-28 October 2011) • 5. Forum: To be held in İstanbul (27-28 Nov. 2012)

  7. Whatto do SILK ROAD INITIATIVE • Fast, Transparent, predictableCustomsprocedures in linewiththearrangementsfortradefacilitation • BorderCrossingPointswith Modern infrastructure • Modern IT Infrastructure • Controlbased on Risk Analysis • EffectiveCooperationamongtheCustomsAdm. • Integrity

  8. SILK ROAD INITIATIVE Strategy Paper (Baku Forum - 2009) General principles of ProjectCaravanserai Objectives Create modern border crossing points Simplify& facilitate border crossing procedures

  9. First Priority: Creation of a Permanent Project Team Regional studies Field visits, if required, ReportingConsultation Concluding the project fiche, To provide guidance SILK ROAD INITIATIVE Action Plan Strategy Paper(Baku)Action Plan (Batumi)

  10. Whatto do listaftertheend of 2011 • Put theInitiativeintoeffectby 2013 • Shortly, RoadMap & Scheduling SILK ROAD INITIATIVE WiththeAction Plan …

  11. Project Caravanserai Objectives: • Improved efficiency and transparency of customs services, • Trade facilitation through modernization of BCPS and promotion of regional customs cooperation. SILK ROAD INITIATIVE

  12. Components: Component 1: Regional survey Component 2: BCP Infrastructure Development Component 3: Capacity building SILK ROAD INITIATIVE

  13. ActionDate of Conduct • Meeting of theExpertsGroup 30-31 Jan 2012 - Ankara • Formation of the Project Team 01 March 2012 • Meeting of the Project Team 02 April 2012 - Bakü • Visit of theBCPs 8-12 July 2012 • Visitto Trabzon andPotiPorts 10-12 September 2012 • Report of theVisits, Preparation of the Project FisheOctober 2012 • V. Silk Road Forum 27-28 Nov 2012 - İstanbul • Proje KickOffJanuary 2013 SILK ROAD INITIATIVE

  14. BCPs of theFirstPhase of the Project • Sarp - Sarpi (Turkey – Georgia) • RedBridge - Sınık Körpü (Georgia- Azerbaijan) • Astara - Astara (Azerbaijan - Iran) • Bazergan - Gürbulak (Iran – Turkey) • Baku / Bara Limanı (Azerbaijan) SILK ROAD INITIATIVE

  15. SILK ROAD INITIATIVE PILOT PROJECT 1st PHASE

  16. SILK ROAD INITIATIVE 2nd PHASE – NORTH ROUTE

  17. SILK ROAD INITIATIVE 2nd PHASE – SOUTH ROUTE

  18. SILK ROAD INITIATIVE RAILROAD– NORTH ROUTE

  19. SILK ROAD INITIATIVE RAILROAD– SOUTH ROUTE

  20. Evaluation of the Project Team • No needfortech. infrastructure, equipment, building (TR & AZE) No needfor a commonproject Improvements can be done usingdomesticresources • AEO: Mentioned in Legislations (TR, AZE,GE); No Implementation JointProjectsPossible • Pre-declaration: Mentioned in Legislations (TR, AZE,GE) ; No Int Exchange JointProjectsPossible • ParticipationtoCertainInternationalConventions (AZE, GE) TechnicalAsistanceprovided, ifrequired SILK ROAD INITIATIVE

  21. Recommendations • ShortRun: TIR- EPD GREEN LANE implementation • LongRun: Agre.-Project on Data Exchange AmongCustomsAdm. • Impl. of Agre. on JointUse of BCPsbetween TR and GE • Implementation of AEO andmutualrecognition SILK ROAD INITIATIVE

  22. JOINT USE OF BORDER GATES

  23. International Legal Basis • Turkey’s Efforts • HowtoOperate • Benefits & Challenges Joint Use of Border Gates

  24. A Model based on InternationalCooperation: Turkey-Georgia Joint Use of Border Gates

  25. International Legal Basis: • TheRevized Kyoto Convention (WCO) • 1982 International Convention on the Harmonization of Frontier Controls of Goods (UN ECE) Joint Use of Border Gates

  26. Bilateralagreement • 3 Protocolenvisaged: • PassportProcedure • Data exchange (goods & passengers) • Harmonizationandmodes of cooperation • Scope and Purpose: Joint Use of Border Gates

  27. Principles Ensure that identical and duplicated procedures or data entry are prevented • Declarations only be made in the country of exit • Country of entry takesdeclaration as a basis • Inspection only be made in thecountry of entry Exceptions(int. obligations, strong suspicion etc.) Joint Use of Border Gates

  28. Turkey’s Efforts • MoUsigned on 11.06.2010. • Agreement - 08.10.2010. • Protocol on Customs Procedures- 24.05.2011 • Protocol on Data Exchange - 27.10.2011 • TechnicalProvisionDocument on Data Exchange - 11.05.2012. Joint Use of Border Gates

  29. HowtoOperate • Concept: Joint or juxtaposed customs offices, joint customs control • Aims at simplification and harmonization of border procedures. • Elimination of duplicated controls and processes. Joint Use of Border Gates

  30. Border Line Joint Use of Border Gates Declared data Customs officers Customs officers Controlzone (Declaration at exit, Control at entry) Controlzone (Declaration at exit, Control at entry) Bordergatebuilding Bordergatebuilding Declared data

  31. Joint Use of Border Gates CURRENT EXIT PROCEDURE

  32. Joint Use of Border Gates PROCEDURES IN JOINT USE

  33. Pre-requisitesbeforeaction Politicalwill Administrativestrategy Motivation of staff Joint Use of Border Gates • Work done • Analysis of current workflows • Determination of needs and priorities • Approach and consultations • Training

  34. Benefits • Time saving by eliminating duplication • Time saving by data exchange • Data sharing with other institutions • Personnel and equipment saving • International cooperation • Potential of expanding to the region Joint Use of Border Gates

  35. Challenges • IT compatibility • Differences in language and alphabet • Differences in legislation • Different international commitments • Project planning Joint Use of Border Gates

  36. MODERNIZATION OF BORDER CROSSING POINTS

  37. A Model based on Public-PrivatePartnership: Build-Operate-Transfer Applied in Land BordersacrossTurkey Modernization of BorderCrossingPoints (BCPs)

  38. Legal Basis: Law No. 3996 (1994) Protocols Parties in Cooperation: Ministry of Customs &Trade CustomsandTourismEnterprisesCo. Inc (GTI) Modernization of BCPs

  39. Modernization of BCPs BUILD- OPERATE-TRANSFER MODEL

  40. COMPLETED PROJECTS PROJECTS COMPLETED HAMZABEYLİ SARP KAPIKULE HABUR CİLVEGÖZÜ

  41. : KapIkule (Turkey-Bulgaria)(BeforeModernization)

  42. : KapIkule (Turkey-Bulgaria)(AfterModernization)

  43. : KapIkule (Turkey-Bulgaria)(AfterModernization)

  44. : KapIkule (Turkey-Bulgaria)(AfterModernization)

  45. UPCOMING PROJECTS PROJECTS COMPLETED DEREKÖY TÜRKGÖZÜ ÇILDIR – AKTAŞ DİLUCU KAPIKÖY ESENDERE NUSAYBİN AKÇAKALE KARKAMIŞ ÖNCÜPINAR YAYLADAĞI

  46. SIMPLIFIED CUSTOMS CORRIDOR

  47. Legal Basis • Protocol on Simplification of Customs Procedures, Moscow - 18.09.2008 • MoUregardingthePrinciplesfortheImplementation of SSC,İstanbul-18.02.2009 • General CustomsCommuniqué; OfficialGazette05.03.2009, No: 27160 SIMPLIFIED CUSTOMS CORRIDOR

  48. BasicPrinciples • Applicable to all modes of transport, all kinds of goods • Appliedon voluntary basis • Transparentandpredictable, nondiscriminatory • Exchange of data and info, without any mediators • Priority, facilitation of customsprocedures • Freefrominspection, • Form A (customsvalue, Tariffinfo)– • Form B (Consignmentinfo) • ApprovalfromChamber of Commerce SIMPLIFIED CUSTOMS CORRIDOR

  49. SCC Implementation-CurrentPractice 4-Approval 2-Exportdeclaration Exporter Importer 6-Import Declaration/Clearance of GoodsbyROSTEK TEA TCA Exporter Importer 7-Transfer of clearedgoodstoimporters 3-Preliminaryinfo (Form A) Exporter Importer 1-Goods sent for physical inspection FCS Inspection Company VnukovoCustoms 5-Consignmentafterapproval Intermediary Importer No physicalinspection (preshipmentinspectionconducted) GOODS

  50. Aykut Remzi SARGIN EuropeanUnionExpert Republic of Turkey Ministry of CustomsandTrade DG for the EU and External Relations a.sargin@gtb.gov.tr . THANK YOU