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Shop Safety
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Shop Safety

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  1. Shop Safety Unit 4

  2. Shop Safety • Does my safety affect the people I work with? • View Safety Commercials from www.prevent-it.ca Shop Safety

  3. Shop Safety • Safety is the responsibility of • EVERYONE! • Who is responsible for your safety? • YOU! • 100% Safe, 100% of the time • (100% on the safety test) Shop Safety

  4. Shop Safety Rules - General • Conduct yourself in a manner conducive to safe shop practices • No horse playing • Never climb on shelves • Stay on task/ in assigned groups • Never sit on tables Shop Safety

  5. Shop Safety Rules – Equip. • Do not use any equipment until trained • Only one person at a time • Never walk away from equipment • Keep hands from moving parts • Nip Points • Never wear gloves when CLEANING press Shop Safety

  6. Nip Point Point where two rotating mechanisms come together. Shop Safety

  7. Rotating Mechanisms Shop Safety

  8. Rotating Mechanisms 4 Types in the Graphic Communications Industry Shop Safety

  9. Shop Safety Rules – Equip. • Use correct tool to do job • Put all tools away when job complete • Never remove any safety guard • Make sure all guards are in place before operation Shop Safety

  10. Shop Safety Rules – Cutter • Never cut anything but paper • Never check blade with finger • Only one person operating cutter at a time: • NO ONE inside the “box” other than operator Shop Safety

  11. Shop Safety Rules – Paper Drill • Never drill anything but paper • Never touch drill bit with finger • Don’t put hand under clamp Shop Safety

  12. Shop Safety Rules – Folder • Do not put your hands anywhere near the rollers • Do not sit on the folder table for ANY reason! Shop Safety

  13. Shop Safety Rules – Personal • Tuck in loose clothing, roll up sleeves • Remove any loose fitting jewelry • Pull long hair up before operating machinery • Wash hands frequently Shop Safety

  14. Shop Safety Rules – Housekeeping • Clean ALL work areas – EVERYONE! • Throw all trash away • Put oily/inky rags in appropriate container • Put all materials away • Never wear gloves while cleaning press Shop Safety

  15. Shop Safety Rules – Press Area • Make sure all debris is clear from rollers before starting the press • Only 1 person should operate the press at a time • Make sure all safety guards are down and in place before operation • Never unplug the press for any reason Shop Safety

  16. Shop Safety Rules • Keep all materials stored in proper location • Keep all chemical stored in proper container • Report ALL unsafe conditions IMMEDIATELY! Shop Safety

  17. OSHA • Occupational Safety and Health Administration (Act) • Part of federal government that governs workplace safety • Protects the worker • OSHA Web site for Young Workers • http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/teenworkers/index.html Shop Safety

  18. EPA • Environmental Protection Agency (Act) • Part of the federal government that governs environmental impact • Protects the environment Shop Safety

  19. Lockout/Tagout • Standard established by OSHA • Purpose – prevent injury while repairing, maintaining, inspecting, etc machinery • Controls all energy sources (electricity) used, stored or produced by equipment. Shop Safety

  20. Lockout/Tagout • Uses two items: • Lock (key or combination type) to Lockout the energy source. • i.e. – Lock on the circuit breaker or on switch • Tag with name and date on it to identify who has locked out the machine • Tag can ONLY be removed by the person who Tagged out the equipment Shop Safety

  21. PPE • Personal Protective Equipment • Protects you from risk of injury by creating a barrier between you and the hazard • Use is not a substitute for safe work practices Shop Safety

  22. PPE • Employers must make sure you have PPE • YOU must • Be trained in using PPE • Make sure PPE fits you • Use it correctly Shop Safety

  23. PPE • Eye Protection • Safety Glasses • Face Shields • Protects against • Impact (flying objects) • Chemicals • Dust Shop Safety

  24. PPE • Steel-toed shoes • Protects against: • Falling or rolling objects • Sharp objects • Safety shoes should be sturdy and have an impact-resistant toe. Shop Safety

  25. PPE • Aprons • Protects from Chemicals • Protects from inks Shop Safety

  26. PPE • Protective gloves • Ensure gloves are designed to protect from the hazard • Ensure the gloves fit • Inspect your gloves NEVER wear gloves when cleaning the press! Shop Safety

  27. PPE • Hearing Protection • Decibel – Unit of measure that is used to measure sound • Abbreviated as dB • 90 dB in 8-hour work day Shop Safety

  28. PPE • Hearing Protection • Ear Plugs • Ear Muffs • Or Both! • iPod/mp3/radio headphones DO NOT COUNT!!!!  • Hearing Loss tends to be a slow loss! PROTECT IT! Shop Safety

  29. PPE - Summary • Be sure you are trained BEFORE using your PPE • Choose the right PPE for the job • Make sure the PPE fits you properly • Inspect your PPE and make sure it is in good condition • Discard any PPE that is not safe Shop Safety

  30. First Aid • First, and temporary, aid given to an injured person • Remove all energy sources – turn off the power • Administer 1st aid • Remain calm • Report ALL accidents to your supervisor no matter how minor! Shop Safety

  31. Bloodborne Pathogens • Disease-causing microorganisms carried in blood or other bodily fluids • HIV/Aids • Hepatitis B Shop Safety

  32. Bloodborne Pathogens • Who is at Risk? • Know how they can affect you • Know how you can become infected • Know how to protect yourself Shop Safety

  33. Bloodborne Pathogens • Treat all body fluids as being infectious • Following safe work and personal practices • Wear appropriate PPE • Put a barrier between you and the injured person • Leather gloves will not work Shop Safety

  34. HazCom • Hazard Communication Standard • AKA: “The Right-to-Know” • Right to know about the hazardous chemicals in your workplace • The best rule of chemical safety is: • “Know what you are working with and how to protect yourself and others.” Shop Safety

  35. HazCom • There are 2 basic types of chemical hazards • Physical Hazards • Health Hazards Shop Safety

  36. HazCom • Physical Hazards - The physical properties of the chemical render it hazardous • Explosive • Compressed gas • Combustible • Flammable • Unstable • Water reactive • Oxidizers Shop Safety

  37. HazCom • Exposure to hazardous chemicals may cause or contribute to a wide range of health concerns including: • Heart problems • Kidney disease • Lung disease • Cancer • Sterility • Burns • Rashes Shop Safety

  38. HazCom • Chemicals can enter your body in many different ways. The primary routes of entry are: • Inhalation • Ingestion • Absorption • Injection Shop Safety

  39. HazCom • Exposure to hazardous chemicals may be either: • Acute – brief exposure • Chronic – repeated or prolonged Shop Safety

  40. HazCom • The written HazCom program must, at a minimum, include: • A list of all hazardous chemicals known to be in the workplace • A Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) and label for each hazardous chemical • A training plan to communicate hazard information to employees Shop Safety

  41. HazCom • Warning labels can grab your attention with words like: • “Danger” • “Warning” • “Caution” Shop Safety

  42. HazCom • The identity of the chemicals • The appropriate hazard warnings • The name and address of the manufacturer or other responsible party Shop Safety

  43. Chemical Name HEALTH FLAMMABILITY REACTIVITY SPECIAL HazCom • Color Codes • Number Codes Shop Safety

  44. HazCom The color codes represents the following information: • Blue = Health • Red = Flammability • Yellow = Reactivity • White = Special hazard information and special protective information Shop Safety

  45. HazCom • Number Codes: • 0 to 4 • The higher the number the more hazardous the chemical • 4 = Small exposure could cause death • 3 = Small exposure could cause injury • 2 = Intense or chronic exposure could cause injury • 1 = Exposure could cause irritation • 0 = No Hazard Shop Safety

  46. Safety Color Codes • Green – Location of Safety and 1st Aid Equipment Shop Safety

  47. Safety Color Codes • Yellow – Caution and marks physical hazards • Operating Handles • Waste Containers for Combustible materials • Areas with tripping hazards Shop Safety

  48. Safety Color Codes • Orange – Parts of Equipment which may cut, crush, shock or otherwise injure • Electrical Switches • Fuses • Power Boxes • Movable Guards Shop Safety

  49. Safety Color Codes • Red – Location of firefighting equipment • Emergency fire exits • Fire extinguishers • Emergency Stop Switches • Portable containers of flammable liquids Shop Safety

  50. Fire Safety Shop Safety