Bison antiquus Class: Mammalia Order: Artiodactyla Family: Bovidae
Background • Bison priscus was the first known bison , not long after it was replaced by the long-horned bison, Bison latifrons. B. latifrons was then replaced 18,000 years ago with Bison antiquus. • Bison antiquus died out 10,000 years ago and gave rise to the living species Bison bison. American Buffalo
Living species • The living species of Bison is shorter and has smaller bones and horns than its ancestor Bison antiquus. • The common names are American bison, American Buffalo, and the scientific name Bison bison.
Two subspecies • Bison bisonbison --- plains bison • Bison bisonathabascae --- wood bison
Percent found at Boca Ceiga Millennium Park Over all 138 specimens were discovered
What was found most • Bison teeth were the most common find at the Millennium park site. All bison have 32 teeth, with only size differences between the species Bison antiquus teeth
Other things that were found • Sesamoids • Foramen Magnum • Mandible • Ribs • M1 • M2 • Fibulas • Femurs Sesamoid from a B. antiquus Molars Metatarsal from B. antiquus
Sources http://www.bisonhead.com/2011/09/27/the-difference-between-the-plains-bison-and-wood-bison/ http://library.sandiegozoo.org/factsheets/_extinct/bison_extinct/bison_extinct.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bison http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bison_antiquus