The Bison Hunt • Used by the Metis (mixed race of Native Indians, and European (Scottish, French and/or Irish) • Involved the entire community • Men hunted, women & children collected dead buffalo • Took place in the summer and early fall • Provided a source of food for winter and long fur trading voyages • Meat was dried to make pemmican • Good source of protein • Easy to carry • Sold to NWC traders • Hides were dried to make clothing and saddles
In a group of 3-4, list 5 rules that you think would be necessary to have a successful bison hunt Be prepared to share these rules with the class.
No buffalo to be run on the Sabbath (Sunday) No party to go ahead or fall behind without permission Every captain, and his men, to patrol camp No person or party to run buffalo before the general order The captain of the hunt (elected by the group) had absolute authority Laws of the Bison Hunt
Punishments(do not copy) • The first offence against these rules will result in the offenders saddle and bridle cut up • For the second offense, the coat to be taken off the offenders’ back • For the third offense, the offender will be flogged • Any person convicted of theft will have his or her name called out in camp three times with the word “thief” called out each time
The Buffalo Runner • Hunter on small horses would ride through the herds of buffalo • Used their knees to steer; leaving hands free to use rifles • Many hunters were injured or killed during the hunt • The hunt created discipline amongst the Metis community
Assignment • Choose one of the following assignments • 1. Write a 1.5 page story about a young Metis boy on his first bison hunt • 2. Write a series of journals (1.5 pages in total) from the perspective of a Metis buffalo runner or adult female on the bison hunt • 3. Draw a cartoon (8-10 boxes, 2 full pages) of the events of the bison hunt