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Current Politics Congress years 1947-1996 Years of Competition 1996-present Two Party System? Two Half Parties? Regional parties? Nehru Dynasty Jawaharlal Nehru Indira Gandhi PM 1947-64 PM 1966-77, 80-84 Congress Dominates Indira Gandhi Congress (I)

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Presentation Transcript
current politics
Current Politics
  • Congress years 1947-1996
  • Years of Competition 1996-present
    • Two Party System?
    • Two Half Parties?
    • Regional parties?
nehru dynasty
Nehru Dynasty

Jawaharlal Nehru Indira Gandhi

PM 1947-64 PM 1966-77, 80-84

congress after indira gandhi
Congress after Indira Gandhi

1984-1989 1991-1996

Rajiv Gandhi P. V. N. Rao

years of competition
Years of Competition

Factors

  • End of Nehru Dynasty
  • Economic reform
  • Corruption in Congress
  • Rise of regional, religious, caste-based parties
1996 election
1996 Election
  • Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) 160
  • Congress Party 136
  • National Front 110
  • National Front forms government
1998 election
1998 Election
  • BJP 176
  • Congress Party 140
  • United Front 97
slide11
1998

BJP forms government

National Democratic Alliance (15 parties)

PM A. B. Vajpayee 1998-2004

Indian nuclear tests

May 1998

congress regroups
Congress Regroups

Sonia Gandhi

1999 election
1999 Election
  • BJP 182
  • Congress Party 112
  • BJP/NDA remains in power
2004 election
2004 Election

BJP/NDA

“India Shining”

vs.

Congress/United Progressive Alliance (UPA)

“It is a contest between the Congress…and the BJP that is systematically undermining the very essence of Indian civilization and destroying the very idea of India.”

2004 Election Manifesto

2004 election15
2004 Election
  • BJP 138
  • Congress Party 145 (UPA 219)
  • Left Parties 56

UPA and Leftist parties form coalition

PM Manmohan Singh

2009 election
2009 Election
  • BJP 116
  • Congress Party 206

UPA retains power

PM Manmohan Singh

challenges and developments
Challenges and Developments
  • Two parties or Two Half Parties
  • Regional parties
  • Religion and Politics
  • Can Congress get beyond the Dynasty?
  • Celebrity and Corruption
1 two parties or two half parties
1. Two parties or Two Half Parties?

272 (273) the magic number!

Stability?

2 regional parties
2. Regional Parties
  • 2009 LokSabha
  • 2 National parties
  • 1 semi-national party (CPI-M) with seats in four states
  • 39 Regional parties
3 religion and politics
3. Religion and Politics

BJP History

  • Hindutva (Hindu Nationalism)
  • RSS (RashtriyaSwayamsevakSangh)
  • Vishwa Hindu Parishad (World Hindu Council)
ayodhya uttar pradesh
Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh
  • Babri Mosque 16th Century
  • Ayodhya Temple
fallout of 1992
Fallout of 1992
  • 1992-1993 Riots
  • Gujarat 2002
  • Liberhan Commission Report

Narendra Modi L. K. Advani

Chief Minister of Gujarat President BJP

5 celebrity and corruption
5. Celebrity and Corruption

Jayalalitha of Tamil Nadu

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