1 / 22


Politics Rooted in the Greek word “polis” meaning city or state n 1: social relations involving authority or power [syn: political relation ] 2: the study of government of states and other political units [syn: political science , government ]

Download Presentation


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. Content is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use only. Download presentation by click this link. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server. During download, if you can't get a presentation, the file might be deleted by the publisher.


Presentation Transcript

  1. Politics • Rooted in the Greek word “polis” meaning city or state • n 1: social relations involving authority or power [syn: politicalrelation] • 2: the study of government of states and other political units [syn: political science, government] • 3: the profession devoted to governing and to political affairs • 4: the opinion you hold with respect to political questions [syn: political sympathies]

  2. Politics – Pre 1800 • Colonial politics focused on town and village • Most of population was rural (80%) • Colonies had legislatures and governors • Only men held office and typically only landowners • Most political division revolved around land usage and town v. colonial laws • Very little “politicking” done in these times

  3. Colonial Governors had little control and served to keep status quo and interpret orders from Parliament • Most governors elected • Some were commissioned by Parliament • By 1770 England had pulled charters from many Colonial Governors • Political discord focused on English tax Law • First American “politicians” arrived during this period

  4. Drafting of the Constitution created new political archetypes in America • Federalists and Anti-Federalists

  5. Debate focused on states rights and economy • Law making power • Interpretation of Constitution • Constructionism • Strict • Loose • Assumption • National Bank • Executive Branch • Even Slavery

  6. Result of Constitutional debate was the creation of National political figures • First American Celebrities • Feds and Anti-feds lobbied for support of one man

  7. By 1800 few would acknowledge the existence of political parties, but the existence of politicians was indisputable • The Election of 1800 is a great example of politicking without political parties • From 1800-1824 – Democratic Republicans were the only Political party of any significance in the U.S. • That would change in 1820 • Slavery and Missouri Compromise would dominate American politics • The election of 1824 “corrupt bargain” • JQ Adams secured the Presidency over despised Jackson by garnering support from Henry Clay in return for naming Clay Secretary of State • All called themselves Republicans • Old Hickory split Dem.-Reps and Republicans • Created the Democratic Party

  8. Whig Party formed to opposed Jackson • Harrison and Taylor elected • Both die in office • Lincoln was a Whig before he unified the parties to form…

  9. The Republican Party • Unified against Southern Democrats • Made up of N. Democrats, Whigs, Free-soilers, Know Nothings, Liberty parties

  10. Became the party of the South and of Reconstruction • Radical Reconstructionists opposed Lincoln’s plan • Lincoln assassinated in 1865 • Andrew Johnson to weak to carry out Lincoln’s policies • Eventually impeached

  11. Radical take control of Presidency in 1869 – Ulysses S. Grant • Grant not political enough to manage reconstructions • Carpetbaggers and scalawags dominate the south

  12. Reconstruction fails • South and north irrevocably split • Country falls into economic funk • Blacks persecuted under Jim Crow • Series of weak presidents • Until 1901

  13. Progressivism • Very active time economically, socially, and constitutionally • Roosevelt – “speak softly and carry a big stick” • Women’s rights • Height of Republican power • All other pre-WII Republicans will fall short of Roosevelt’s ideals • 1912 party split

  14. Taft and Roosevelt have political and personal fallout • Progressive party supports Teddy in 1912 • Republicans split vote • Most influential democrat in 80 years wins election

  15. Progressivism • Bullmoose and Republicans Split vote in 1912 • Quiet and determined Woodrow Wilson Elected 28th President • Most influential Democrat since Jackson • Oversaw numerous social reforms • Worked with Democratic Congress • Federal Trade Commission • Clayton Antitrust Act • Underwood Tariff • Federal Farm Loan Act • Federal Reserve System • Child Labor Laws • Age of Constitutional Change • Amendment s #16, #17, #18, #19 passed under Wilson • #16 – 1913 – Income Tax • #17 – 1913 – Direct Election of Senators • #18 – 1919 – Prohibition • #19 – 1919 - Women’s Suffrage

  16. Overseas gains were common to America following Spanish American War • With Roosevelt America became an “imperial” power • Wilson was a reactionary who preferred to focus on domestic affairs • Isolationism v. Internationalism (Imperialism) became a huge political issue – still is. • Europe thrown into War – America Tested • Lusitania Sunk (remember the Maine) • German U-boat attacks force US into war on side of Allies

  17. Paris 1919 – Wilson introduces 14 points • He strongly pushes for League of Nations • League created, but he is unable to convince an isolationist Congress to join • Dies in 1924 feeling a failure • His ideas and influence would create a new America and a stronger democratic party • 1920’s see a “return to normalcy” under Harding • Status quo and isolationism under Coolidge • And Economic downfall under Hoover • Financial crisis in 1929 would pose a new challenge to the President and Politics

  18. FDR replaces Hoover in 1933 • Time between election and inauguration hurt the country • 20th Amendment passed in 1933 – Lame Duck • Prohibition repealed – 21st Amendment - 1933 • FDR famous 100 days passes more legislation than past 3 presidencies combined • FDR – New Deal policies and Fireside chats create 1st President Americans can relate to

  19. Suffered from Polio • Wife Eleanor played key role in FDR administration • Like Wilson, FDR isolationist • Like Wilson, FDR challenged by European Conflict • Even as Germany invades France, FDR stays out of conflict • His instincts push for American preparation for war

More Related