Politics . Aristotle. Political Partnerships. Could also be called associations Begin with Husband and Wife Then Family Then extended family or tribe Then village Then City. Polis.
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The partnership that arises from several villages that is complete is the city. It reaches the level of self-sufficiency so to speak; and while coming into being for the sake of living, it exists for the sake of living well.
“That the city is both by nature and prior to each individual, then, is clear. For the individual when separated from it is not self-sufficient, he will be in a condition similar to other parts in relation to the whole. One who is incapable of participating or who is in need of nothing through being self-sufficient is no part of a city, and so is either a beast or a God.
Monarchy (rule of law, one more virtuous than all)
Aristocracy (rule of law, few more virtuous than all)
Polity (a mixture of government were factions are balanced, the ruling principles of the individuals depends on the particular mix)
Best polity is a mixture of oligarchy and democracy tempered with aristocracy. In this government the factions will check each other. This is especially true if you have a strong middle class to balance the factions (this is the golden mean).
“Most ancient tyrannies arose from popular leaders.”
“Whenever offices are chosen by election, and this is not d0ne on the basis of assessments, and the people elect, those seeking office establish the people as having authority even over the laws in order to make themselves popular. A remedy so that this will not occur, or will occur less, is to have tribes vote for officials, not the entire people.