Jim Lohmar - Tur. 3302 (Tues) 1:30-4:45. Aeneid 1 and 2. Virgil the Man. October 15, 70 BCE near Mantua In the retinue of Augustus (after 38-39 BCE) Horace, Livy, Maecenas Dies in Naples in 19 BCE. Virgil the Poet. Eclogues (38-39 BCE) pastoral poetry; dialogues
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October 15, 70 BCE near Mantua
In the retinue of Augustus (after 38-39 BCE)
Horace, Livy, Maecenas
Dies in Naples in 19 BCE
Eclogues (38-39 BCE) pastoral poetry; dialogues
Earned him a spot in Augustus' retinue
Georgics (20's BCE) more pastoral poetry; more didactic in nature on farming.
Augustus commissions a Roman Epic -20’s BCE
(Allegedly) Horace asked first-turns it down
Virgil begins work
Books 2, 4, and 6 recited to Augustus before completion
Legend has it Virgil wanted it burned
Book 1 begins in medias res with Aeneas and crew slammed by storm
Trojans put in at Libyan shore and go to Carthage
Book 2 narrates the Fall of Troy
Bella per Emathios plus quam civilia campos (L.)
Fraternas acies alternaque regna profanis (S.)
Ordior arma, quibus caelo se gloria tollit / Aeneadum (S.I)Arma virumque cano
These are probably the most important lines in all of Latin literature:
Lucan: Bella per Emathios...
Statius: Fraternas acies...
Homer: Menin aeide thea...
Poets must invoke the Muse for inspiration on their “journey”
Homer's 3rd word: thea
Also gives background on why Juno is so angry at the Trojans
still angry at the golden apple
knows the future too: Punic WarsArma virumque (continued)
Virgil lays out his argument:
ll. 1-3: I sing of arms and a man, a fugitive who came from Troy to Italy.
ll. 3-6: battered around the Mediterranean by Juno
ll. 6-7: He gave rise to the ROMANS
Latin for “in the middle of things”
Line 34: begin the story of Aeneas
Storm sent by Juno via Aeolus (wind-king)
First sighting of Aeneas: weeping for his men and lost friends.
Cf: Odyssey 5
citing that the seas are his domain, not the wind's
Exhausted after storm, with only 7 ships remaining, Aeneas and men put in at nearest shore
Happens to be near CarthageThe End of the Storm
Venus asks Jupiter why her Trojans are doomed to be tormented like this
Jupiter says don't worry:
brief summary of Aeneid and events up to present day (C1 BCE)In Libya
Aeneas first kills 7 deer for each of his remaining ships
Exhorts his men:
fear not, we're bound for Latium and New Troy
We've been through worse than this
Remember that whole Fall of Troy thing?
V: have you seen any of my friends? This is the land of the Carthaginians
Brief history of Dido and how she came to be Queen of Carthage
Venus cloaks Aeneas and Achates in a cloud so as not to be seen in town (mirabile dictu!).To Carthage
Aeneas unable to sleep; wants to know where in the world they are.
In the morning, takes Faithful Achates to scout out the area
Come across someone dressed as a huntress in the woods.
Dido in the process of building her city
the simile of the bees
“dux femina facti”
Enter Dido...like an Amazon leader
Gives laws and orders on what to build
Importance of Juno temple in the center of city.
Aeneas, still invisible, enters the city of Carthage
Goes to Juno temple and observes depictions of the Trojan war; weeps
Dido receives other Trojans who were saved by Venus and Jupiter in the storm
Would that Aeneas were here!
After being received, Aeneas and his men dine with the Queen
Venus to Cupid:
we must stop Juno before she can do more
take on the form of Ascanius (Aeneas' son)...breathe onto Dido at dinner
Dido wants to know what happened at Troy
Virgil's account by far the most compendious
Entirety of Book 2
In the mouth of Aeneas; 'eyewitness' account
One of the most pathetic scenes in Latin literature.
Numerous depictions in art as well.
Also becomes a topos for imitators later (Lucan)
10 long years of siege
Greeks go to Tenedos
Construct giant wooden horse w/ help of Minerva
Leave at the doorstep with one man behind (Sinon)
What are we to do with this? Why is it here?
Suddenly, Laocoön comes running from the arx
“EQUO NE CREDITE!”
Throws a spears and it sticks into the side of the horse; noise within
After Laocoön's javelin, Sinon enters:
“I fell out of favor with the Greeks; they left”
“This is atonement for despoiling the Palladium”
Suddenly, 2 serpents come from the sea
Track Laocoön into temple where he is sacrificing
Entwine him and both young sons; ultimately go to temple of Minerva.
Aeneas asleep; Hector comes to him
Go! Take the penates and lares with you!
Wakes suddenly, hears the tumult of the city
Goes out into city armed; meets up with fellow Trojans
Fight in Greek armor for a while.
Pyrrhus/Neoptolemos outside royal palace
Break down doors finally
Priam and family huddled around altar in middle of palace
Pyrrhus chases Polites up to this altar
Pyrrhus: “Go tell him yourself.”
Pyrrhus drags Priam by the hair up to the altar, stabs him, and cuts off his head
Priam's body left lying on the beach without a headDeath of Priam continued
Aeneas angry at all that has happened
Sees Helen...blames her for sack of the city
Almost kills her, but Venus intervenes
Remember, you have a wife, father, and son to care for; now get out of here.
Aeneas runs to his house to save family
Anchises (father) doesn't want to go at first.
Iulus/Ascanius and the star of Caesar
Anchises assents to go, all leave
What happens to Creusa?
Aeneas goes back
Venus detains me, I will not be going with you
You must go and found your city now, though
Aeneas turns and leaves the city, thus ending book 2The End of the Sack