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Aeneid. A look at the history. Virgil (70-19 B.C.). Publius Vergilius Maro Born in Andes, which is a tiny village in northern Italy Thus, Virgil was not a Roman citizen until later in his life Wanted to be a lawyer, but he was too shy, so he became a poet

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A look at the history

virgil 70 19 b c
Virgil (70-19 B.C.)
  • PubliusVergiliusMaro
  • Born in Andes, which is a tiny village in northern Italy
  • Thus, Virgil was not a Roman citizen until later in his life
  • Wanted to be a lawyer, but he was too shy, so he became a poet
  • First, he wrote the Eclogues and the Georgics.
virgil continued
Virgil Continued…
  • After writing theAeneid, Virgil read a few books to Augustus.
  • He then went to Greece for three years to revise the work.
  • On his way home from Greece, Virgil contracted a fever and died. Thus, theAeneidwas never completed by Virgil.
  • Supposedly, he ordered that the manuscripts be destroyed, but Augustus ordered that they should be prepared for publication.
the aeneid
The Aeneid
  • National epic of ancient ROME
  • What is an epic?
  • Forms a link between the Greek mythic tradition and Roman history
  • Written by Virgil between 30 and 19 B.C.
  • Important source for understanding Roman civilization
  • 12 books
  • Describes adventures of the Trojan hero, Aeneas
  • The first six books are based on Homer’s The Odyssey and the last six books are modeled on Homer’s The Illiad
    • Inversion of the Homeric elements in the Odyssey.
  • Served as model for later literature (Dante’s Commedia).
  • Parallels the Roman culture’s adaptation of Greek models to its own uses.
the aeneid continued
The AeneidContinued…
  • Written in Latin
  • Set at the end of the Trojan War
  • The fullest surviving account of the Trojan horse and the Sack of Troy.
  • Aeneas and his followers sail to Italy to found Rome
  • Visit Carthage, then the underworlds, then Italy
  • Virgil uses legends about Rome’s founding to establish that the Roman Empire was part of a divine plan
  • Used this work to glorify his emperor, Augustus, by calling Augustus Aeneas’s descendent in the epic.
  • Aeneas symbolizes the perfect Roman. He sacrifices his pleasure to attain his goals.
the judgement of paris
The Judgement of Paris
  • Juno, Minerva, and Venus
  • Jupiter appointed the Trojan prince Paris to judge who was the fairest among the three goddesses.
  • Each goddess offered Paris a bribe, and he chose Venus
  • Venus promised him the most beautiful woman in the world as his wife
  • Helen, daughter of Jupiter, and wife of Menelaus, king of Sparta.
  • Paris abducted her and took her to Troy with him
history of troy
History of Troy
  • Also known as Ilium
  • Ruled by King Prium
  • Paris fell in love with Helen, Menelaus’s wife, while visiting Sparta, so he took her back to Troy with him.
  • The Greeks sent a war expedition to Troy
  • War lasted 10 years
  • Wooden horse trick
  • Greeks massacred the Trojans, and only a few Trojans, including Aeneas, survived.
founding of rome
Founding of Rome
  • Romulus and Remus were twins in Alba Longa
  • They were placed in a basket and sent down the Tiber River by their great uncle.
  • After washing ashore, they were suckled by a she-wolf.
  • A shepherd later found them and adopted them.
  • Later found out about their origins and restored their grandfather to the throne of Alba Longa
  • In a quarrel over naming the city they found, Romulus killed Remus and named the city Rome.
  • After Julius Caesar was murdered, Octavian and Marcus Antonius battled for position of ruler.
  • Octavian won and was titled Augustus .
  • Augustus tried to restore Rome to its old morals and customs.
  • The Aeneidcelebrates the mythical past and the Augustan present.
  • Son of the Trojan Anchises and the goddess Venus.
  • His son is Ascanius.
  • He is fated to found Lavinium. His son is to found Alba Longa.
  • While he is part-god, Aeneas does suffer one human frailty: his tendency to doubt and to experience failure, even when the gods are clearly telling him what to do.
images to notice
Images to notice
  • Night and day
    • Night marks blindness and deception, while day marks protections and security.
  • Fire
  • Water
  • Sacrifice
  • Wound/blood
  • Ghosts/finality of death