unit 3 study guide ancient egypt n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Unit 3 Study Guide: Ancient Egypt PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Unit 3 Study Guide: Ancient Egypt

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 26

Unit 3 Study Guide: Ancient Egypt - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 170 Views
  • Uploaded on

Unit 3 Study Guide: Ancient Egypt. Test is on Wednesday!. Ancient Egypt. Located along the Nile River Lasted from 3200-30 B.C. The Nile River often flooded, leaving silt . This made the land very fertile and led to food surplus. The Nile River. The longest river in the world

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Unit 3 Study Guide: Ancient Egypt' - iris-jensen


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
ancient egypt
Ancient Egypt
  • Located along the Nile River
  • Lasted from 3200-30 B.C.
  • The Nile River often flooded, leaving silt. This made the land very fertile and led to food surplus
the nile river
The Nile River
  • The longest river in the world
    • Over 4,000 miles long
  • The only major river in the world that flows north
  • Empties into the Mediterranean Sea
  • Forms the Nile River Delta, very fertile land
explain how each of these geographic features impacted ancient egypt
Explain how each of these geographic features impacted ancient Egypt:
  • Nile River
    • Flooded each summer, leaving behind silt. This was great for growing crops
    • This is why cities were centered along the Nile River (this is where the food was)
    • The Nile River was a highway and allowed for transportation from town to town
explain how each of these geographic features impacted ancient egypt1
Explain how each of these geographic features impacted ancient Egypt:
  • Red Sea and Mediterranean Sea
    • Protected Egypt from invaders
    • Salt water- humans could not drink or use to water crops
  • Sahara Desert
    • Protected Egypt from invaders
    • Without the Nile River, Egypt would be lifeless
  • Cataracts
    • Strong river rapids that made travel along the Nile River difficult. Found in Upper Egypt
list egypt s main exports
List Egypt’s main EXPORTS.
  • Export: An object that is sold or sent to another place
  • Import: An object that is bought or taken in
  • Egypt’s main exports:
    • Wheat
    • Barley
    • Papyrus
    • Linen (Cloth)
why was trading important to the ancient egyptian economy
Why was trading important to the Ancient Egyptian economy?
  • Egypt could trade what they had a surplus of and get items that they did not have
    • Make sure you know what items Egypt exported and imported
who did egypt trade with
Who did Egypt trade with?
  • Lebanon -> Wood (cypress and cedar)
  • Nubia -> Wood
        • Gold
  • Sinai -> Copper
  • Afghanistan -> Lapis lazuil (precious gems and jewelry)
  • Punt -> Incense
early egyptian life
Early Egyptian Life
  • Originally two kingdoms developed along the Nile:
    • Lower Egypt
      • Northern Nile
      • Good farmland
      • Copper mines in Sinai Peninsula
    • Upper Egypt
      • Southern Nile
      • Ruler named Menes
      • Conquered Lower Egypt, which led to unification
  • In 3100 BC Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt unified, forming one kingdom
    • The capital was built at Memphis

Menes unified the two Kingdoms

why were pharaoh s able to hold so much power in ancient egypt
Why were pharaoh’s able to hold so much power in ancient Egypt?
  • The people of Egypt believed that the pharaoh was chosen by the gods to lead the people
    • The pharaoh was worshipped as a god
why should each of the pharaohs below be remembered
Why should each of the pharaohs below be remembered?
  • Hatshepsut
    • First female ruler in Egypt and the world
    • Promoted trade and expanded Egypt’s wealth
  • Thutmose III
    • Strengthened Egypt’s military and expanded Egypt’s empire
    • Increased literature, art, and architecture
  • Akhenaten
    • Changed Egyptian religion from polytheism to monotheism. After he died, Egyptians went back to polytheism
social pyramid
Social Pyramid
  • Pharaoh- King, leader.
  • Government Officials/Priests- Collected taxes and constructing public buildings. Priests led religious ceremonies.
  • Soldiers/Scribes- Soldiers defended Egypt from enemies. Scribes recorded court cases and tax records.
  • Merchants/Craftsmen- Built tools and traded
  • Farmers/Slaves- Responsible for planting and harvesting the food for the people of Egypt. Slaves had to do hard labor.
why did the egyptians mummify the dead
Why did the Egyptians mummify the dead?
  • To prepare the body for the afterlife in the Underworld.
  • They buried the dead with objects that could be taken to the afterlife with them
polytheistic vs monotheistic
Polytheistic vs. Monotheistic
  • Polytheism- The belief in many gods.
    • Ancient Egyptians were polytheistic
    • Hindus, Ancient Greece
  • Monotheism- The belief in a singular god.
    • Christianity, Islam, Judaism
6 lower egypt
6) Lower Egypt
  • Although to the north, it was called Lower Egypt because of the low-lying land that formed the Nile River Delta
7 upper egypt
7) Upper Egypt
  • Called Upper Egypt because it is upstream of the Nile River Delta and the land is more elevated
  • The Nile is hard to travel in Upper Egypt because of cataracts (rapids)
msl test question
MSL Test Question
  • The method of farming for ancient Egyptians followed a pattern of flood, plant, harvest, flood, plant, harvest. This repetition of behavior leads us to understand that the yearly flooding timetable for the Nile River must be:
    • A) Irregular
    • B) Regular
    • C) Unknown
    • D) Unpredictable
homework tonight
Homework Tonight!
  • Monday Night Football
  • Cheer for the Panthers!
  • Complete your study guide!