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Bronze Mythology Study Guide. Unit Ten. A legend is a story that. often contains larger-than-life characters and fantastic details. The action in “Popocatepetl and Ixtlaccihuatl” takes place. before the Spaniards arrived in Mexico. The name Ixtlaccihuatl means. the White Woman.

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a legend is a story that
A legend is a story that
  • often contains larger-than-life characters and fantastic details.
the action in popocatepetl and ixtlaccihuatl takes place
The action in “Popocatepetl and Ixtlaccihuatl” takes place
  • before the Spaniards arrived in Mexico.
some of the warriors tell the emperor that popo has been killed in battle because
Some of the warriors tell the Emperor that Popo has been killed in battle because
  • they are jealous of Popo and want to spoil his triumphant return.
slide9
The legend says that Popo punishes his enemies with the army of warriors watching, and no one tries to stop him. This description reveals
  • the Aztec concept of justice.
the link between the two pyramids and the two volcanoes in the story is a detail that is typical of
The link between the two pyramids and the two volcanoes in the story is a detail that is typical of
  • legends.
in the people could fly the slaves flying away actually represent
In “The People Could Fly” the slaves flying away actually represent
  • living a free life.
in the people could fly sarah wants to leave soon because
In “The People Could Fly” Sarah wants to leave soon because
  • she and her baby are being whipped.
in trickster folk tales such as all stories are anansi s the hero relies on
In trickster folk tales such as “All Stories Are Anansi’s,” the hero relies on
  • brains.
the high price for stories in all stories are anasasi s suggests that the ashanti culture
The high price for stories in All Stories Are Anasasi’s”” suggests that the Ashanti culture
  • honors the practice of storytelling.
myths make sense to us because
Myths make sense to us because
  • they explain the world in human terms.
in pha thon son of apollo the quarrel between pha thon and epaphos results from
In “Phaëthon, Son of Apollo,” the quarrel between Phaëthon and Epaphos results from
  • the two boys’ pride.
slide22
In “Phaëthon, Son of Apollo,” when Apollo urges Phaëthon to be wise and make some other choice, we can predict that
  • the chariot ride will turn out badly.
when pluto first sees persephone in demeter and persephone she is
When Pluto first sees Persephone in “Demeter and Persephone,” she is
  • gathering flowers.
when zeus intervenes in demeter and persephone his actions show that he is
When Zeus intervenes in “Demeter and Persephone,” his actions show that he is
  • concerned with the preservation of the human race.
the impact of the pomegranate in demeter and persephone is
The impact of the pomegranate in “Demeter and Persephone” is
  • Persephone tasted this food of the underworld, so she cannot stay on Earth all year.
in icarus and daedalus the relationship between the two main characters is
In “Icarus and Daedalus,” the relationship between the two main characters is
  • they are son and father.
in icarus and daedalus daedalus associates sea gulls with liberty because
In “Icarus and Daedalus,” Daedalus associates sea gulls with liberty because
  • sea gulls are independent and can fly freely to and from the island.
slide28

From Daedalus’s reputation for cunning in “Icarus and Daedalus,” the reader can predict that after he is shut up in the tower he will probably

  • attempt to escape.
a folk tale is a story that
A folk tale is a story that
  • was composed orally.
slide33
In “All Stories Are Anansi’s,” the gourd, the calabash, the vines, the bamboo pole, and the forest are part of the tale’s
  • cultural context.
the best explanation for the fact that many folk tales are very short is that
The best explanation for the fact that many folk tales are very short is that
  • short tales are more easily memorized.
in order to trick the crow in aesop s fable the fox and the crow the fox appeals to the bird s
In order to trick the crow in Aesop’s fable “The Fox and the Crow,” the fox appeals to the bird’s
  • vanity.
the myth of phaethon helps to explain
The myth of Phaethon helps to explain
  • the sun’s daily travel across the sky.
slide39

A story such as “Demeter and Persephone,” which contains supernatural characters and explains basic features of the natural world, is best classified as

  • a myth.
when the titans ruled the world life for both the gods and human beings was
When the titans ruled the world, life for both the gods and human beings was ______________________

Simple and happy

after zeus became ruler of the humans and the gods what made life for human beings painful
After Zeus became ruler of the humans and the gods, what made life for human beings painful?_______

Harsh winters

why were the gods comfortable on mount olympus
Why were the gods comfortable on Mount Olympus? ______________

They wore clothes and had fire

why did prometheus choose to remain on mount olympus
Why did Prometheus choose to remain on Mount Olympus? ________________________

To guide Zeus and control his anger

according to the origin of the seasons the people who would be most likely to worship demeter were
According to “The Origin of the Seasons,” the people who would be most likely to worship Demeter were ______________________

farmers

persephone s duty or role was that of a
Persephone’s duty or role was that of a_________________________

Spring maiden

during the seven months each year that persephone must return to her husband the weather is
During the seven months each year that Persephone must return to her husband, the weather is __________

Cold and bleak

arachne s skill brings with it something dangerous
Arachne’s skill brings with it something dangerous-- ________________________

Too-great pride

minerva disguises herself as an old woman and calls of arachne to
Minerva disguises herself as an old woman and calls of Arachne to __________________________

Overhear Arachne’s boasting

in striking arachne over the head minerva is
In striking Arachne over the head, Minerva is _________________

Punishing her insolence

why does arachne hang herself
Why does Arachne hang herself? __________________________________

Because of her injured pride

slide53

In “The Reward of Baucis and Philemon,” Jupiter and Mercury journey to the land of Phrygia. What is the purpose of their journey? ________________________

We are not told

the pair disguise themselves in order to better
The pair disguise themselves in order to better ___________________

Hide their divinity

the phrygians refuse the two hospitality because they are
The Phrygians refuse the two hospitality because they are _________________________

Unfriendly and indifferent

in deciding to punish the village the gods view its inhabitants lack of hospitality as
In deciding to punish the village, the gods view its inhabitants’ lack of hospitality as ____________

A major crime

hercules served as a slave for one year to queen omphale
Hercules served as a slave for one year to Queen Omphale? __________________________

As a punishment by his father

what is hercules said to be doing now
What is Hercules said to be doing now? ____________________________

He is enjoying peace and rest

short answer
Short Answer
  • What natural phenomenon does Popocatepetl’s torch attempt to explain?
  • In “The People Could Fly,” the reader learns that after Toby flies off, the Overseer tells the story. The Master says it was a trick of the light and the Driver keeps his mouth shut. Why does the Driver do that?
slide62
In “All Stories are Anansi’f,” what is the meaning of this statement?
    • Anasi, the spider, yearned to be the owner of all the stories in the world…”
  • In “The Fox and the Crow,” why does the Fox want to hear the Crow’s voice?
  • How does the myth of Phaethon explain the origin of the Sahara desert in North America.
slide63
What conflict does Zeus face in “Demeter and Persephone”? How does he resolve the conflict?
  • Identify two clues in “Icarus and Daedalus” that help the reader predict what will happen to Icarus.
  • What explanation is given in “Phaethon, Son of Apollo” for the movement of the sun?
  • In “Icarus and Daedalus,” what does the myth convey to readers?
slide64

Important Names in Greek Mythology

  • Aphrodite--
  • Greek goddess of love and beauty
  • Apollo--

Greek and Roman god of the sun

  • Arachne--
  • An arrogant young woman who
  • boasted of her skill in weaving to
  • Minerva
slide65

Athena--

  • Greek goddess of wisdom, arts, crafts,
  • and war

Titan whom Zeus punished by making

Him hold up the sky on his shoulders

  • Atlas--
  • Bacchus--
  • Greek god of wine, fertility, and drama
slide66

Cronus--

  • The Titan who ruled the universe until
  • he was overthrown by Zeus, his son.
  • Daedalus--

An Athenian inventor and architect who

built the Labyrinth for King Minos of

Crete

  • Demeter--
  • Greek goddess of agriculture and fertility.
slide67

Eros--

  • Greek god of love, Aphrodite’s son.
  • Fates--

Three goddesses who controlled human

destiny and life

  • Hades--
  • Greek god of the underworld
  • Hera--
  • Zeus’ wife and queen of the gods
slide68

Hercules--

  • A Greek hero, the son of Zeus and
  • Alcheme
  • Hermes--

Messenger of the gods

  • Icarus--
  • The son of Daedalus
slide69

Greek goddess of spring and the underworld. Demeter’s daughter

  • Persephone--
  • Phaethon--

Helios’ son. He was killed when he

tried to drive the chariot of the Sun.

  • Poseidon--
  • Greek god of the sea
  • Prometheus--
  • The Titan who gave fire to mortals against the wishes of Zeus
slide70

Titans--

  • A family of gods who ruled the universe before the Olympians

Greek god of the sky and the weather,

and king Of the gods of Olympus.

  • Zeus--