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Ancient Egypt

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  1. Ancient Egypt By: Florian, Aliya, and Chrissie

  2. Contents • Introduction to Ancient Egypt • Education in Ancient Egypt • Laws in Ancient Egypt • Religion in Ancient Egypt • Art in Ancient Egypt • Culture in Ancient Egypt • Language in Ancient Egypt • Economy in Ancient Egypt • Government in Ancient Egypt • Bibliography

  3. Timeline of the Ancient Egyptian Civilization CS

  4. Where is Ancient Egypt? • Egypt is in the northeast of Africa • River Nile flows through Egypt • Ancient Egyptians settled along the river • Farmers first settles in 5000BCE CS

  5. When did the civilization start? • Started 3100BCE • Lasted 3000 years • Many changes and turns • 31 dynasties in total AY

  6. Who lived in this area? • Founded by a King Menes • 343B.C.E. The Romans • Cleopatra VII • The Islamic Empire • Ottoman Turks - 1517 • 14th century – black death FP

  7. What was their purpose? • Invention and Ideas • Pyramids and Tombs • Valley of the Kings • Engineering Ideas • Cairo FP

  8. How did if form? • 5000BCE lived in farming villages • Had rituals, gods, and chieftain • 3000BCE united into 2 kingdoms, Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt • 3100BCE King Menes united both kingdoms CS

  9. Education in Ancient Egypt • Stayed with mothers until 4 years old • Fathers educated boys after first 4 years, usually follow in trade of father • Schools for royalty, wealthy, scribes or priests • Girls educated by mother – house keeping, cooking, brewing, making clothes • Women excluded from ruling bureaucracy, temple elite, not eligible to work as scribes CS

  10. The Rosetta Stone • Discovered by Napoleons soldiers' while digging • 1400 years after • Was the key to unlocking the mystery of ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics CS

  11. Government in Ancient Egypt • Revolved around one figure – The pharaoh • Living God • Theocracy • Priests • Army commanders, chief treasurers, the minister of public works, and tax collector • Taxation • Laws FP

  12. Laws in Ancient Egypt • Pharaoh head of legal system – made laws • Laws based on common sense view of right and wrong • Punishments for minor crimes • Punishment for serious crimes (tomb raiding, murder) • New Kingdom – oracles played major role in decision making CS

  13. Ancient Egyptian Economy • Trade on the Mediterranean Sea, Aegean Sea, and the Red Sea. • Other countries bought goods silver, iron, cedar logs, horses, ivory, copper, cattle, leopard skins, and spices. • Main goods • Cost was measured in a deben • Jobs : Merchants, farmers, artist, soldier • Classes FP

  14. Ancient Egyptian Economy Graph Upper Class Middle Class Lower Class FP

  15. The Golden Coin • Archeologists • discovered ancient Egyptian coins • name and image of the biblical Joseph, Cairo's Al Ahram • Newspaper from Egypt • Journalist FP

  16. Art in Ancient Egypt • For over 3500 years • Paint made out of minerals • iron ores (red and yellow ochres), copper ores (blue and green) • soot or charcoal (black), and limestone (white). AY

  17. Art in Ancient Egypt • Why they did art? • To make them proud • Dead Man standing in the barge of the sun worshiping the phoenix, symoble of the sun god of Heliopolis, Tomb of Irinefer AY

  18. Religion in Ancient Egypt • Polytheistic – worshipped more than 2,000 gods and goddesses • Believed in afterlife – Anubis god of the underworld weighed dead person’s heart • All classes planned for burials – royals built large tombs and pyramids, others built smaller tombs • Royal and elite Egyptians preserved by mummification CS

  19. Anubis - god of the dead • The god and guide of the underworld • Weigh each dead person’s heart • Test for purity and truth, if passed would live forever in the beautiful Other World • Win eternal life if no heavier than a feather • If tipped scale the heart was heavy with sin • Would oversee the embalming and mummification of the dead • Today still worshipped by sects of pagan religions CS

  20. Ancient Egyptian Culture • Religion really important • Men and women had many of the same rights • Games • Most slaves were farmers • Cosmetics for work and play AY

  21. Ancient Egyptian Culture • Pets • Royal dogs • Surgeons • Papyrus growers AY

  22. Language in Ancient Egypt • First pictographs • Got more flexible • Hieroglyphics • From greek word • Meaning “sacred carving” • Each picture stood for an idea • Papyrus made out of reeds and used as paper AY

  23. Language in Ancient Egypt • The hieroglyphics these are the letters they used to write with and they also used them to do arts AY

  24. bibliography • http://www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/Homework/Egypt.html • http://www.love-egypt.com/map-of-egypt.htmlhttp://historylink101.net/egypt_1/a-education.htm • http://www.king-tut.org.uk/ancient-egyptians/ancient-egyptian-education.htm • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Egypt • http://www.ancient-egypt-online.com/ancient-egyptian-gods-anubis.html • http://liology.wordpress.com/2010/01/13/the-rosetta-stone-of-metaphysics-the-li/

  25. Bibliography 2 • http://www.womenintheancientworld.com/economy.htm. • http://home.earthlink.net/~marond/economy_pink.html. • http://nefertiti.iwebland.com/economy/ • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Egypt • http://www.ancientegypt.co.uk/life/home.html • http://www.ancientegypt.co.uk/time/home.html • http://www.allaboutwheat.info/history.html

  26. Thank You • Thank you for your time … we hope you learnt more about ANCIENT EGYPT!!