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HLF4 happening in Korea “Political spaces and strategies for gender cross-cutting into Busan”. Youngsook CHO *Chair, International Solidarity Center, Korean Women’s Association United (KWAU) *Steering Committee Member, Korea Civil Society Forum on International Development Cooperation (KoFID).

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hlf4 happening in korea political spaces and strategies for gender cross cutting into busan

HLF4 happening in Korea“Political spaces and strategies for gender cross-cutting into Busan”

Youngsook CHO

*Chair, International Solidarity Center, Korean Women’s Association United (KWAU)

*Steering Committee Member, Korea Civil Society Forum on International Development Cooperation (KoFID)


- Venue: Busan,BEXCO- Dates: 29 November ~ 1 December 2011- Estimated Delegations: 2,000(GO, UN, IDA (1,500), CSOs(300), Business(100))- CSOs Forum: 26~28 November


timeline for political debates on aid effectiveness development
Timeline for Political Debates on Aid Effectiveness/Development













  • Deadline for submission of proposed themes
  • Menu of Options – identifies themes for events, of any kind, at HLF 4 (incl. potential organisers based on expressed interest) and of the outcome doc.
  • Start of negotiation process. Decision on major themes for the outcome doc; attribution of responsibilities for related events
  • [depending on state of negotiation process] Decision on interactive sessions & political debates
  • *On-site negotiation of the Busan Outcome Document: The format and link with the Political Debates will be defined in due course.
road to busan 2011
Road to Busan 2011


The aid effectiveness journey


29 Nov – 1Dec 2011

Istanbul principles on CSO effectiveness



Dili Declaration on Fragile States


Accra Action Agenda

Bogota Statement on SSC

Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness

Rome Declaration on Harmonisation

Monterrey Consensus







exclusion of csos ge in the hlf 2 pd 2005
Exclusion of CSOs & GE in the HLF-2/PD (2005)
  • 5 Pillars of the Paris Declaration (PD) on Aid Effectiveness  highly technical process, donor driven, focused on aid management not on impacts

1. Ownership

2. Alignment

3. Harmonization

4. Managing for Results

5. Mutual Accountability

needs for gender cross cutting to hlf4
Needs for gender cross-cutting to HLF4

Lacks of Gender Perspectives of PD and AAA

Low levels of integrations of women’s rights and gender equality into the national development planning and budgeting (not only recipient but also donor countries as well)

Gender equality and women’s rights are not fully included into the development paradigm

Majority of development NGOs based on charity and religious perspectives and also not familiar with the RBA and GE

how to make alternative development paradigm for the future mba
How to make alternative development paradigm for the future?: ’MBA’
  • To Recognize of gender equality, environmental sustainability and respect for human rights, as cornerstones for development: by treating policy priority issues as sectors with indicators and specific resources allocated in national budgets.
  • To build democratic, inclusive, multi-stakeholder approach and clear mechanisms for the participations of women’s rights organizations as part of civil society.
  • To align the PD/AAA implementation with international agreed development goals including MDGs, CEDAW, BPFA, UN Security Council Resolution 1325 etc.
  • To make government’s Poverty Reduction Strategies (PRS) focused on the gender equality and women’s rights.
2011 historical context where to start
2011 Historical Context : Where to start?
  • 50th Anniversary of OECD
  • 25th Anniversary of the UN Declaration on the Right to Development (R2D)
  • 10th Anniversary of “9.11 Attacks” : Defense, Diplomacy, Development (DDD), US and ROK- US MOU on IDC (June 2011)
  • After LDC IV and before Rio+20 (June 2012) and “Beyond 2015”
  • Ongoing multiple crisis (Climate Change, Food, Fuel/Energy, Financing, etc.) : USA and Europe, Japan, etc.
  • UN Women and Reappointment of Ban Ki-moon as UNSG
what is hlf4 busan
What is HLF4 Busan?
  • “Last station of PD journey since 2005”
  • “Last push for MDGs”
  • “Beyond Busan to Rio”
  • For ROK Government, Busan is one of several international meetings since G20 Summit(2010), Nuclear Security Summit (2012), …

International Conference on Development, Aid Effectiveness, and the Busan Agenda

March 28, Lotte Hotel

Making Development Effective

: Opportunities and Challenges for Busan

Enna Park

Director Generalfor Development Cooperation

Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Republic of Korea



II. G20: Growth and Development (1/3)

G20 Approach to Development

  • Focus on removing bottlenecks andcreatingan

“enabling” environment for development from a

medium- to long-term perspective

  • Focus oneconomic growth

• Best allows it to add value to the complex development landscape

• Fits well with the G20’s key objective to promote strong,

sustainable and balanced growth

• The economic growth of low income countries contribute to

global rebalancing and sustainable growth through capacity



II. G20: Growth and Development (2/3)

Outcome of the G20 Seoul Summit

  • “Seoul Development Consensus for Shared Growth” and

“Multi-Year Action Plan on Development”

  • G20 Development Principles
  • • Focus on economic growth
  • • Strengthen equal partnerships, particularly with LICs
  • • Address global or regional systemic issues
  • • Enhance private sector participation
  • • Complement existing development efforts
  • • Produce tangible outcomes
  • 9 Key Pillars
  • • Infrastructure • Private Investment and Job Creation • Human Resource
  • Development • Trade • Financial Inclusion • Growth with Resilience • Food
  • Security • Domestic Resource Mobilization • Knowledge Sharing

II. G20: Growth and Development (3/3)

G20’s Contributions to the Busan Process

  • Firm politicalcommitment to development as an issue of
  • shared interest of the global community
  • Values of holistic and comprehensive approach
  • •strong impetus for looking beyond aid issues
  • • driving force for a shift of paradigm toward development
  • effectiveness and impact
  • Strengthening global development partnerships
  • •bridging developed countries and BRICs
  • •partnerships with international organizations in implementing the
  • Multi-Year Action Plans
hlf4 and civil society in korea
HLF4 and Civil Society in Korea
  • ROK is chair of Core Group as host of HLF4
  • ROK is the new member of OECD (1996) and DAC (2009), ODA Increase to 0.25 before 2015
  • ROK is driving force of “Seoul Development Consensus” and “Multi-year Action Plan”

-> What is ROK’s political interest and role on agenda of the HLF4?

challenges to civil society
Challenges to Civil Society
  • KoFID (Korea Civil Society Forum on International Development Cooperation) was a civil society response to emerging role of the ROK in the field of international development cooperation
  • CSOs’ Policy engagement with the ROK

- G20 development agenda

- Korean Development Model/Style ?

- Korean ODA


Challenges to Women’s organizations

  • WEF GGI (Gender Gap Index) : 115th (2009)/ 105th (2010) among 134th countries
    • Women in National Assembly : 13.7% (2010)
    • Women in Local Assembly : 20.3% (2010)
    • 63.4% of women workers are non-regular workers
    • Wages of women are 38% less than men (2010)
    • Burden share and time spending of ‘domestic labors’ between wives and husbands both are working (2010)
    • The wife spend 2hrs and 38minutes and the husband spend 24 minutes (7 times differences)


busan hlf4 main disputes
Busan HLF4 Main Disputes

Aid Effectiveness Development Effectiveness

Development Effectiveness Development Accountability

Paradigm: Economic Growth Centered(G20) ‘Human Development’


Role of OECD : Technical Political

IDC as a binding treaty?

ODA (official development assistance) and PDA (private development assistance)

CSOs and Private Company

Donor countries : OECD DAC  Non-DAC

New Financing ?

strategies for gender cross cutting on the road to busan hlf 4
Strategies for Gender Cross-cuttingon the road to Busan HLF-4

Inputs for prioritizing gender issues for the ‘Busan Outcome Documentations’ and/or separate statement?

Using the new space of establishment of UN Women and also with the partner countries to promote political will for the gender cross-cutting into the Busan HLF-4.

Collaborations with Women’s groups in BetterAid Coordinating Group (BACG) during the WP-EFF and ExCOM meeting in upcoming September

High expectations for the Korean GO’s Initiatives for the gender cross-cutting on the road and beyond Busan HLF-4.

where to start
Where to start?

Strategize to raise gender issue to be discussed and included into to the outcome documents of the HLF4

Organize gender inputs to make impacts for the HLF4 procedures

Who can be our allies?  “Partner Countries Inputs on Gender Issues”