East Asia China, Japan, North & South Korea
China Northeast NORTHWEST SOUTHWEST SOUTHEAST
China Basics--Geography • China covers 3.7 million square miles: • 3rd largest country in the world. • Varied climate and landforms. • Deserts in the north, mountains in the west, rain forest in the south. • East is mostly flat and farmable. Area has largest concentration of people in the world. • Mountains and plateaus cover about 80% of the country.
China’s Regions • The Northeast • Functions as China’s core: It’s capital , Beijing, has remained the capital for centuries. • Region contains China’s most fertile farmland. • Densely populated area—Contains 15 cities with at least a population of 2 million. • Population puts considerable strain on the resources of the area, particularly water. The Southeast • It has more mountains that the NE and is much warmer. • Big agricultural area. Supported by the Yangtze River—densely populated area. Home of China’s major port city of Shanghai. • The SE’s population is increasing very fast.
China’s Regions • The Northwest • Has 2 large deserts, the Gobi and the TaklaMakan. • Much less populated than eastern half of country. • Rugged terrain—mountainous, dry—Gobi is one of driest places on earth. • Major ways of life is herding and farming. • The Southwest • Almost entire region is made up by Tibet. • Tibet used to be an independent country. • China invaded Tibet in the 1950s and took over. • Tibet is now an autonomous region—under Chinese government but has limited self-government.
China’s Ethnicity • 92% of China’s population belongs to the Han ethnic group. • The remaining 8% is divided up among 56 smaller groups; most of these groups live in western part of China. • No matter ethnic group you may be part of, you must be able to speak Mandarin, the official language of the country.
Chinese History: The Dynasties Compressing 3000 Years of History in 7 Slides!
Zhou Dynasty: 1045 - 256 BC The Zhou Dynasty lasted 900 years. The Emperors ruled under The Mandate of Heaven. During this time Daoism, Confucianism, an Legalism, were practiced. This period of time was very violent and filled with wars.
Qin Dynasty: 221 - 206 BC Lasted only 15 years. China is united under Shi Huang Di (First Emperor), he was very strict (Legalism). Achievements: Created a Law Code, A Standard Measuring System, Standard writing, New Roads, The Great Wall of China The Umbrella was invented.
Han Dynasty: 206 BC - 220 AD After Shi Huang Di died the peasants revolted because they thought the government was too strict. A peasant named Han came to power and became the Emperor. Achievements: Increased trade with the West, accurate calendar, acupuncture, invented paper, made advanced rice.
Tang Dynasty: 618 – 907 AD ANDSong Dynasty: 960 – 1279 AD The Tang and Song Dynasty were extended times of peace. Achievements: Woodblock/moveable type printing, gunpowder, magnetic compass, catapult, fireworks. Genghis Khan united the Mongol tribes.
Yuan Dynasty: 1279 - 1368 Kublai Khan (Grandson of Genghiz Khan) controlled all over China. Marco Polo visited during this time. Achievements: Gold/riches, further trade with the West.
Ming Dynasty: 1368 - 1644 Ming Hung Wu was a peasant and led China to kick the Mongol Emperor out, he became the new Emperor. Limited contact with the West. Achievements: Created the Forbidden City, Changed the capital to Beijing, built a better Navy.
Qing Dynasty: 1644 - 1912 The last dynasty of China. Was ruled by a Manchurian and tried to replace Chinese culture. Achievements: Kept Confusion beliefs, kept isolation policies.
Ancient Chinese History http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ylWORyToTo4
Chinese History: Imperialism The West’s (And Japan’s)Thirst For Power
Modern Chinese History From Revolution To Riches (For some, not all.)
Modern Chinese History In 1911, The Boxer Rebellion occurred when the people of China wanted all foreigners out. China lost but became a republic. A Civil War broke out and two opposing leaders immerged, Mao Zedong (Communist) and Chiang Kai Shek.(Nationalist)
Modern Chinese History Japan soon invaded in 1937 and both Mao and Chiang called a truce. After WWII in 1945 Mao (Communist) and Chiang (Nationalist) fought for control of China. Mao won and China became a Communist country in 1949. Chiang settled on the island of Taiwan, never to see China again.
China Under Mao • The Cultural Revolution (1966) was a program to “rally” China for Communism. • This was also a disaster. Mao formed the “Red Guard” to bully those who went against him. • Schools closed, millions were tortured and killed. China continued to be poor and weak. The Great Leap Forward (1958) was a program made by Mao to “modernize”. It ended in disaster because Mao took farmers from their land to work in the city causing a famine. 20 million people died in 3 years.
China After Mao Mao died in 1976 and under Deng Xiaoping China began to modernize: Agriculture Technology/Education Industry Military China embraced capitalism at the expense of the people, many would live in poverty for the rest of their lives.
China Today Population: 1.2 Billion people. 1 child rule was made to lower population. An average factory worker makes $1.36 hr. China is heavily polluted, 96% of cities fail environmental standards. China has the 2nd largest economy in the world. China to this day has many issues with Civil Rights.
China’s Revolutions https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UUCEeC4f6ts
Korea Korea—Tale of 2 countries
Geography • Korean Peninsula sits between China and Japan. • Divided into 2 nations—North Korea and South Korea. • South is slightly smaller but has 2x the population. • Mountains cover 70% of the peninsula. The North has more mountains than the South. • Most live along the coast—the west coast is a farming region. • There are capitals for both countries-Seoul in the South, Pyongyang in the North.
Industry • Korean peninsula has 6,000 miles of coastline; fishing is a major economic activity. • South Korea has world’s 3rd largest fishing industry. • Peninsula’s climate is similar to ours with 4 distinct seasons; S. Korea is a major rice producer. • N. Korea has more mineral resources—coal, iron ore, copper—than the South.
Korea’s People • Korea is considered to be a homogenous society—all people share a common ethnic and cultural background. • Despite being divided, Koreans on both sides consider themselves 1 people. • Korean is its own language and both people in the North and South speak it.
Education in Korea • Korea is a very well-educated area—education is considered vital. • The literacy rate for the peninsula is 95% and the high school and college graduation rates are among the highest in the world—particularly the South.