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Bill of Rights & Organization of Congress. Notes: Bill of Rights. I. The Bill of Rights (pg. 222-223) List of basic freedoms First 10 Amendments Amendment 1: Protection given to people: freedom of religion, speech, press, petition, assemble

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notes bill of rights
Notes: Bill of Rights

I. The Bill of Rights (pg. 222-223)

  • List of basic freedoms
  • First 10 Amendments
    • Amendment 1: Protection given to people: freedom of religion, speech, press, petition, assemble
    • Amendment 2-4: protect against potential abuses by the government
    • Amendment 5-8: protect rights of the accused criminal
    • Amendment 9: People’s rights
    • Amendment 10: State rights
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II. Amendments 11-27 (pg. 223)

**Amendment 14

  • change over time
  • added
organization of legislative branch pg 225 226
Organization of Legislative Branch (pg. 225-226)

III. Organization of Legislative Branch (pg. 225-226): Creates Nation’s laws

  • 2 house congress
    • House of Representatives
      • larger house-435 members, 2 year term
      • Number of reps. For each state is determined by state’s population
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ii. Senate
  • smaller house, 100 members, 6 year term
  • each state has 2 senators
b congressional sessions meetings
B. Congressional Sessions (meetings)

Entire House of Reps. elected every other year, so each “new” congress is given a number to identify its two-year term).

Example: 1st meeting in 1789, today it would be

113th (2013-2015).

  • Regular Session: Sessions begin on January 3rd and continue until November or December (with recesses (vacations) that interrupt them)
  • Special Session: President of the US has the power to call congress into session to deal with pressing problems (in time of crisis)
  • Joint Session: House and Senate meet together in a joint session of Congress. Held each year to hear the President’s State of the Union Address.