Our Study of Music’s History - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Our Study of Music’s History

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  1. Our Study of Music’s History Medieval to Present Day

  2. Musical Time Periods • Musical time periods are not very exact, or defined. • They were developed by people who lived long after that time period. • They developed the time periods according to the changes in music and society throughout history.

  3. Musical Time Periods • Medieval 500-1430 • Renaissance 1430-1600 • Baroque 1600-1750 • Classical 1750-1820 • Romantic 1820-1910 • Twentieth Century 1910-2000 • Twenty-First Century 2000-Present

  4. Medieval • What do you think life was like in Medieval times? • What did people do during their day? • Were there social classes? If so, describe them. • What do you think music’s role was in society during Medieval times? • What kind of music was popular?

  5. Medieval Times • Use your laptops and visit: • http://www.medieval-life.net/ • Answer the questions on your worksheet about Medieval Times.

  6. Medieval Times • Much of the music composed during this time period was sacred. • Sacred means that it is religious music. • The monks wrote most of this sacred music in the form of chants.

  7. VideruntOmnes

  8. VideruntOmnes • Written by Perotin “The Great” • He was a French composer of sacred music. • He lived from 1160 to 1240 AD. • He attended the School of Notre Dame and studied “organum.” • “Organum” involved one voice in even rhythm, with ornamentals in other voices.

  9. Renaissance • Printing press discovered in 1440 by Johannes Gutenburg. • Nicolai Copernicus discovered where Earth was located within the solar system in the 16th century. • Martin Luther led the Protestant Reform. • Michelangelo and Shakespeare used their talents to support the humanist spirit that came with this reform.

  10. Renaissance • Giovanni Palestrina (1525-1594) • Lived in Rome • Worked as a choir director and organist at Sistine Chapel and St. Peter’s • He wrote 100+ mass settings and 200+ motets • Going along with the Protestant Reform, his compositions strove to get rid of the “worldly excess” from the music of earlier times. • Each voice part resembles a chant-like melody.

  11. Giovanni Palestrina, Gloria

  12. Renaissance • The English Madrigal (1600s)- poets and composers worked together to create these works. • Some of the most famous madrigal composers: • William Byrd • Thomas Morley • Thomas Weelkes • John Dowland

  13. Thomas MorleyNow is the Month of Maying

  14. Renaissance Instrumentation Lute

  15. Renaissance Instrumentation The Dulcian -What instrument does it remind you of?

  16. Renaissance Instrumentation The Harpsichord

  17. Renaissance Instrumentation The Recorder Just like in present day, recorders came in all shapes and sizes.

  18. Renaissance Instrumentation • Using your laptops, visit: • http://www.music.iastate.edu/antiqua/instrumt.html • Pick an instrument from their list. • Describe the instrument, how it’s built, how it’s played and other information about it. • Does that instrument remind you of any instrument we have today? How so?