Our Study of Music’s History Medieval to Present Day
Musical Time Periods • Musical time periods are not very exact, or defined. • They were developed by people who lived long after that time period. • They developed the time periods according to the changes in music and society throughout history.
Musical Time Periods • Medieval 500-1430 • Renaissance 1430-1600 • Baroque 1600-1750 • Classical 1750-1820 • Romantic 1820-1910 • Twentieth Century 1910-2000 • Twenty-First Century 2000-Present
Medieval • What do you think life was like in Medieval times? • What did people do during their day? • Were there social classes? If so, describe them. • What do you think music’s role was in society during Medieval times? • What kind of music was popular?
Medieval Times • Use your laptops and visit: • http://www.medieval-life.net/ • Answer the questions on your worksheet about Medieval Times.
Medieval Times • Much of the music composed during this time period was sacred. • Sacred means that it is religious music. • The monks wrote most of this sacred music in the form of chants.
VideruntOmnes • Written by Perotin “The Great” • He was a French composer of sacred music. • He lived from 1160 to 1240 AD. • He attended the School of Notre Dame and studied “organum.” • “Organum” involved one voice in even rhythm, with ornamentals in other voices.
Renaissance • Printing press discovered in 1440 by Johannes Gutenburg. • Nicolai Copernicus discovered where Earth was located within the solar system in the 16th century. • Martin Luther led the Protestant Reform. • Michelangelo and Shakespeare used their talents to support the humanist spirit that came with this reform.
Renaissance • Giovanni Palestrina (1525-1594) • Lived in Rome • Worked as a choir director and organist at Sistine Chapel and St. Peter’s • He wrote 100+ mass settings and 200+ motets • Going along with the Protestant Reform, his compositions strove to get rid of the “worldly excess” from the music of earlier times. • Each voice part resembles a chant-like melody.
Renaissance • The English Madrigal (1600s)- poets and composers worked together to create these works. • Some of the most famous madrigal composers: • William Byrd • Thomas Morley • Thomas Weelkes • John Dowland
Renaissance Instrumentation The Dulcian -What instrument does it remind you of?
Renaissance Instrumentation The Harpsichord
Renaissance Instrumentation The Recorder Just like in present day, recorders came in all shapes and sizes.
Renaissance Instrumentation • Using your laptops, visit: • http://www.music.iastate.edu/antiqua/instrumt.html • Pick an instrument from their list. • Describe the instrument, how it’s built, how it’s played and other information about it. • Does that instrument remind you of any instrument we have today? How so?