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Historical Development of Humanities What is humanities? A group of extensive disciplines (such as arts, art criticism, literature, film studies, photography, music, history, and philosophy). The humanities is generally considered to include the study of classics, art history and literature.

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what is humanities
What is humanities?
  • A group of extensive disciplines (such as arts, art criticism, literature, film studies, photography, music, history, and philosophy).
slide3
The humanities is generally considered to include the study of classics, art history and literature.
  • OED’s definition of humanities: humanities did not appear until 1702 and it is referred to the activity of the humanist
slide4
Our definition:

An institutional tool to gain knowledge that concerns human; this “knowledge” is a rather forceful ideology that has different connotations in different historical eras shaped by various forces yet has the same attempt to humanize man, to make man more man.

history of humanities
History of humanities

Medieval

  • In the medieval

(12th and 13th

century), humanities

meant primarily

philosophy and

theology.

  • Theology was the

most prestigious

area of study.

slide6
The late Middle Ages
  • Heresies aroused

(Beginning of skepticism-

dissatisfaction with church

as an institution).

  • The starting point of

humanism (Protagoras:

"man is the measure of

all things).

slide7
Renaissance
  • Humanities in this period included disciplines that would make man’s life richer and more meaningful: the languages and literature of Greece and Rome, fine arts, music, philosophy.
slide8
Renaissance man (universal man): acquire all knowledge and all the skills of the various arts. (These arts are those that are unrecognized by the church.)
slide9
Universal Man (polymath) : excels in multiple fields, particularly in both arts and sciences
    • Leonardo Da Vinci: archetype of the Renaissance man
    • Desiderius Erasmus
slide10
Baldassare Castiglione,

in his The Book of the

Courtier (1528), wrote a

guide to being a polymath,

describing what makes a

well rounded person.

slide11
16th century
  • By 1535, humanities, which is the study of literae humaniores (greats), became the head of the arts.
slide12
19th century
  • Humanities is the key to the history, the thoughts, and the mind of civilized man.
slide13
Recent years
  • There is a wave of neglect of the humanities (after the Industrial Revolution, the competition between countries is focused on technology).
where does new humanities come from
Where does New Humanities come from?
  • Historical trend: new academic disciplines are rising because of new social realties are in place
new humanities
New Humanities
  • The field has become richly theoretically pluralist and increasingly interdisciplinary.
  • What are these larger contexts? Who produces them? Who has access to them? How are they circulated? How can they be interpreted? Where are they located? What values do they espouse?