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HISTORY 历史 l i shi

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  1. HISTORY 历史 li shi

  2. What is History? • History is the study of the past • It looks at things that have happened, and why • Because this happened, this happened

  3. The Four Great Chinese Inventions四大发明sìdàfāmíng • Compass 指南车zhǐnánchē • Gunpowder火药huǒyào • Paper纸zhǐ • Printing印刷术yìnshuāshù

  4. COMPASS

  5. GUN POWDER

  6. PAPER

  7. PRINTING PRESS

  8. Chinese Dynasties • Most of Chinese history take place in a thing called a ‘Dynasty’ • A Dynasty is a family that rules for many years • There are 13 major Dynasties in Chinese history

  9. Ancient History • 历史久远 • lìshǐjiǔyuǎn • ancienthistory • China is one of the oldest places in the world

  10. Xia Dynasty夏朝

  11. Xia Dynasty 2100-1600 BC

  12. Xia Dynasty • The Xia Dynasty was in a small area of land

  13. Shang Dynasty 商朝

  14. Shang Dynasty 1600-1046 BC

  15. Shang Dynasty 商朝 • The Shang Dynasty moved out from where the Xia Dynasty started • The Shang began using Oracle Bones to make the first Chinese characters

  16. Zhou Dynasty周朝

  17. Zhou Dynasty 1046-256 BC

  18. Zhou Dynasty周朝 • The Zhou Dynasty began to live by the Yellow River • Their Capital was Xi’an • They went as far south as the Yangtze River

  19. Spring and Autumn Period春秋時代 • After the Zhou Dynasty the Spring and Autumn Period Began • Confucianism and Taoism begin • The Capital is moved to Luoyang

  20. Qin Dynasty秦朝

  21. Qin Dynasty 221-206 BC

  22. Qin Dynasty秦朝 • The Qin began the Great Wall • They began to write down laws, and set down a common written language • They had common currency (money) and standard weights and measurements

  23. Han Dynasty汉朝

  24. Han Dynasty 206 BC-220 AD

  25. Han Dynasty汉朝 • First meeting with the West because of the Silk Road

  26. Xia Dynasty夏朝

  27. Shang Dynasty 商朝

  28. Zhou Dynasty周朝

  29. Qin Dynasty秦朝

  30. Han Dynasty汉朝

  31. Modern History • 近代史 • jìndàishǐ • History that is not as old, but still old

  32. Three Kingdoms三国 Sānguó

  33. Three Kingdoms 220-280

  34. The Three Kingdoms三國 • Bloodiest part of Chinese History • Lots of wars • Battle of Red Cliffs

  35. Jin Dynasty晋朝 Jìncháo

  36. Jin Dynasty 265-420

  37. Jin Dynasty晋朝 • Peace after war

  38. North & South Dynasty 北和南朝

  39. North & South Dynasty 420-581

  40. North & South Dynasty 南北朝 • Times of civil war • Lots of art