Section 1 History. Key events in American history:. Earliest inhabitants arrived at least 14,000 years ago from Asia. Europeans began arriving 500 years ago: first Spanish, then English and French. British established 13 colonies.
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1. FALL LINE – point of a river where the river goes from deep, wide, and calm to shallow and rough. The fall line starts where the soft rock of the Atlantic coastal plain meets the hard rock of the Piedmont.
a. Piedmont – dense rock and rolling hills at the foot of the Appalachian Mountains
b. Navigable river – River that is deep and wide enough for ships to sail
2. Appalachian Mountains (1st major) – there were no trains or roads early on. People were exposed to the weather and could get killed by a winter storm.
3. Mississippi River - there were no bridges or boats
4. “Savage Indians” – Most people could not tell a peaceful Indian Tribe from a more violent tribe. Many colonist were simply too afraid to move.
5. The Rocky Mountain Range
a. High elevation and Rugged terrain
b. Winter Blizzards are quick, cold, and deadly
Donner Party – cannibalism
c. AKA the Great Divide or Continental Divide
- separates the eastward and westward flowing rivers
6. Death Valley to Sierra Nevada Mountain Range
1. Manifest Destiny
It was a common belief that it was a divine plan that the United State should span from coast to coast.
2. Louisiana Purchase 1803
3. Texas Annexation 1845
4. Mexican Cession 1848
5. 1849 Gold Rush to California
6. Fertile Farm land in Great Plains Region - Irrigation
7. The government sold land cheap and often gave it away if people would settle in the west.
+ Sooners (Oklahoma Land Rush)
(Transcontinental Railroad was completed by 1869)