lecture 1 history of rocketry and the american space program
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Lecture 1: History of Rocketry and the American Space Program . Marat Kulakhmetov. We choose to go to the moon and do the other things n ot because they are easy but because they are hard. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g25G1M4EXrQ. The Origins.

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We choose to go to the moon and do the other things not because they are easy but because they are hard
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g25G1M4EXrQ
the origins
The Origins
  • Concepts required for rocket flight were developed in ancient times.
    • Archytas Wooden Pigeon
    • Hero Aeolipile
  • First true rockets were probably created by Chinese:
    • Gunpowder fireworks
    • Fire Arrows (1232 in a battle of Kai-Keng)
    • Wan-Hu rocket chair
modern rocketry
Modern Rocketry
  • Konstantin Tsiolkovsky
    • A Russian school teacher developed “The Rocket Equation” and proposed to use rockets for space flight in 1898
    • He discovered the advantages of multiple stages
  • Robert H. Goddard
    • Published “ A Method of Reaching Extreme Altitudes” that described sounding rockets
    • In 1926 he flew the first liquid-propellant rocket that climbed only 12.5 m
    • He also developed jet vanes, guidance control and many other rocket systems
  • Dr. Werner Von Braun
    • Helped Develop the German V-2 Rocket
    • Was in charge of the American Space Program that lead to the Saturn V rocket
space race
Space Race


April 12, 1961


October 4, 1957

mercury 1 and 2
Mercury 1 and 2
  • Mercury 1:
    • November 21, 1960
    • Four inch flight, improper launch pad separation
  • Mercury 1A
    • Successful spacecraft qualification
  • Mercury 2:
    • Jan 31, 1961
    • Flown by Ham the Chimp
    • Besides higher stresses and capsule taking on water Ham Survived
alan shepard first american in space
Alan Shepard, First American in Space
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FdPlFM6hIIc
  • From Earth to the Moon

Titan II

gemini 4
Gemini 4
  • First space Walk, “ From The Earth to The Moon”
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ryEgx5iOdOA&feature=related
gemini 8 dealing with emergencies
Gemini 8, Dealing with Emergencies
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zvWBnkPvqME&feature=related
  • Part 3: Landing The Eagle, “When We Left Earth.”
  • 51 min
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u1ssw5aJyrk&feature=related
sky lab
Sky Lab
  • When Apollo was canceled, the last Saturn V rocket was used to launch Sky Lab
  • Performed scientific experiments and observations of Earth and Sun
  • Although 4 SL mission boost was expected to keep Skylab in orbit until STS (1980s), it actually re-entered in 1979
space shuttle
Space Shuttle
  • Reusable launch system and orbital spacecraft
  • Flown in 1981-2011
  • Has a crew of 7
  • Used to launch satellites, planetary probes, telescopes, ISS, conduct experiments, etc.
  • The only vehicle capable of returning things from space
shuttle launch
Shuttle Launch
  • Shuttle Takeoff
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zsJpUCWfyPE
  • Atlantis Landing
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YOxZsbyjSb8&feature=related
shuttle losses
Shuttle Losses
  • Challenger – Jan 28, 1986
    • Due to cold weather an O-ring failed in flight allowing hot gasses to reach external tank
  • Columbia – Feb 1, 2003
    • On launch an ice fragment separated from the external tank and damaged the thermal protection system
    • Damaged thermal protection system failed during re-entry
international space station iss
International Space Station (ISS)
  • Largest space station ever constructed
  • 1998-2020
  • Laboratory, Observatory and servicing station
  • Partnership between USA

Russia, Europe, and Japan

  • Mean orbit of 173 mi and it needs to be boosted to

higher orbit a few times each


tour of the iss
Tour of the ISS
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H8rHarp1GEE
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MNQ8s2jnMTc&feature=related
the constellation program
The Constellation Program
  • Goals:
    • Replace STS for missions to ISS
    • Land on the moon by 2020
    • Land on mars by 2030
  • Components:
    • Ares I
    • Ares IV
    • Orion Spacecraft
    • Altair Lander (x4.5 than LM)
the future
The Future
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VYaNE49vv9I&feature=channel_video_title
what is in the future what should us do what should the humanity do why should we go to space
What is in the future?What should US do?What should the humanity do?Why should we go to space?
  • Notes are posted on:


  • Dr. Stephen Heister, “Analysis and Design of Chemical Rocket Propulsion Systems,” Purdue University
  • Mark Hopper, “Throttle Up!,” US Space Camp
  • “When We Left Earth, ” Discovery Channel
  • “From Earth To The Moon,” HBO
  • NASA
  • Dozens of websites that I took pictures from
  • Dozens of videos from youtube.
fundamental geometry
Fundamental Geometry
  • Sin (Angle) = Opposite / Hypotenuse
  • Cos(Angle) = Adjacent / Hypotenuse
  • Tan (Angle) =Opposite / Adjacent
  • H^2 = A ^2 + O^2
measuring the height of the rocket
Measuring the Height of the Rocket
  • When we launch the rocket we :
    • Will know A ( how far we are away from launch pad)
    • Can measure X (angle from horizon to the rocket
    • Can calculate O ( height of the rocket)
    • O = A * Tan (Angle)