History and Structure of American Law Enforcement Part 2 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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History and Structure of American Law Enforcement Part 2

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  1. History and Structure of American Law Enforcement Part 2

  2. Menu Authority and Jurisdiction English Roots Early American Experience Law Enforcement in the U.S. Simulations

  3. American law enforcement agencies have limited authority

  4. Authority and Jurisdiction are determined by law

  5. Authority and jurisdiction are determined at the federal, state and local levels….

  6. Jurisdiction A politically defined geographic area

  7. Jurisdiction The right or authority of a justice agency to act in regard to a particular subject matter, territory or persons

  8. Jurisdiction The right or authority of a justice agency to act in regard to a particular subject matter, territory or persons

  9. Jurisdiction Metro City • Defines laws an agency is permitted to enforce • Defines duties it is allowed to perform

  10. Menu Authority and Jurisdiction English Roots Early American Experience Law Enforcement in the U.S. Simulations

  11. English Roots of American Justice System

  12. Key elements of the medieval tithing system

  13. Definition: tithing Grouping together of 10 families

  14. Requirements of Tithing Obey the law

  15. Requirements of Tithing Keep peace in their area

  16. Requirements of Tithing Bring law violators to justice

  17. Ten tithings formed a Hundred

  18. Several hundreds made a Shire (Size of a county)

  19. Shire was directed by a “Shire Reeve” or Sheriff

  20. Statute of Winchester

  21. Constable / Watch System Constables drafted citizens as watchmen

  22. Constable / Watch System All male citizens between 15 and 60 required to maintain weapons

  23. Constable / Watch System Male citizens had to aid constable or watchment when called

  24. Industrial Revolution Spurs Increasing….. • Urban populations • Poverty • Public Disorder • Crime

  25. Constable Watch System breaks down

  26. The Charlies Before the bobbies

  27. Henry Fielding Thief Takers

  28. Bow Street Runners Bow Street Runners  (first public detective force)

  29. Robert Peel Leads Reforms • Centralized public police force • Professional ideals • Organized along military lines

  30. Robert Peel’s Principles of Policing 1829

  31. Peel’s Principles CJ • Police must be stable, efficient and organized along military lines

  32. Peel’s Principles CJ • Police must be under military control

  33. Peel’s Principles CJ • The absence of crime will prove police efficiency • Essential to distribute crime news

  34. Peel’s Principles CJ • Essential to deploy police strength by time and area • A policeman should have perfect command of temper

  35. Peel’s Principles CJ • Good appearance commands respect • Secure and train proper persons

  36. Peel’s Principles CJ • Every police officer should be given a number

  37. Peel’s Principles CJ • Police headquarters should be centrally located and easily accessible

  38. Peel’s Principles CJ • Policemen should be hired on probation • Necessary to maintain police records

  39. Menu Authority and Jurisdiction English Roots Early American Experience Law Enforcement in the U.S. Simulations

  40. Features of the English watch system were carried to the United States