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History and Structure of American Law Enforcement Part 2 Menu Authority and Jurisdiction English Roots Early American Experience Law Enforcement in the U.S. Simulations American law enforcement agencies have limited authority Authority and Jurisdiction are determined by law

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Presentation Transcript
slide2

Menu

Authority and Jurisdiction

English Roots

Early American Experience

Law Enforcement in the U.S.

Simulations

slide5

Authority and jurisdiction are determined at the federal, state and local levels….

slide6

Jurisdiction

A politically defined geographic area

slide7

Jurisdiction

The right or authority of a justice agency to act in regard to a particular subject matter, territory or persons

slide8

Jurisdiction

The right or authority of a justice agency to act in regard to a particular subject matter, territory or persons

slide9

Jurisdiction

Metro City

  • Defines laws an agency is permitted to enforce
  • Defines duties it is allowed to perform
slide10

Menu

Authority and Jurisdiction

English Roots

Early American Experience

Law Enforcement in the U.S.

Simulations

slide12

Key elements of the medieval tithing system

slide13

Definition:

tithing

Grouping together of 10 families

slide15

Requirements of Tithing

Keep peace in their area

slide16

Requirements of Tithing

Bring law violators to justice

slide21

Constable / Watch System

Constables drafted citizens as watchmen

slide22

Constable / Watch System

All male citizens between 15 and 60 required to maintain weapons

slide23

Constable / Watch System

Male citizens had to aid constable or watchment when called

slide24

Industrial Revolution Spurs Increasing…..

  • Urban populations
  • Poverty
  • Public Disorder
  • Crime
the charlies
The Charlies

Before the bobbies

henry fielding
Henry Fielding

Thief Takers

slide28

Bow Street Runners

Bow Street Runners

 (first public detective force)

slide29

Robert Peel Leads Reforms

  • Centralized public police force
  • Professional ideals
  • Organized along military lines
slide31

Peel’s Principles

CJ

  • Police must be stable, efficient and organized along military lines
slide32

Peel’s Principles

CJ

  • Police must be under military control
slide33

Peel’s Principles

CJ

  • The absence of crime will prove police efficiency
  • Essential to distribute crime news
slide34

Peel’s Principles

CJ

  • Essential to deploy police strength by time and area
  • A policeman should have perfect command of temper
slide35

Peel’s Principles

CJ

  • Good appearance commands respect
  • Secure and train proper persons
slide36

Peel’s Principles

CJ

  • Every police officer should be given a number
slide37

Peel’s Principles

CJ

  • Police headquarters should be centrally located and easily accessible
slide38

Peel’s Principles

CJ

  • Policemen should be hired on probation
  • Necessary to maintain police records
slide39

Menu

Authority and Jurisdiction

English Roots

Early American Experience

Law Enforcement in the U.S.

Simulations