Active and Passive Voice • Active and Passive sentences usually have similar meanings, but a different focus. Active • Active sentences focus on what the subject does. subject object My fatherdrove the new car. Passive • Passive sentences focus on the object. (the person/ thing receiving the action) Sometimes, we put the word ‘by’ before the subject. object subject The new car was driven by my father.
The Passive • FORM Active • Aniqah wrote the article. Passive • The article was written by Aniqah. be + past participle
The Passive Sometimes when we use the passive we do not know who did the action. So, we do not use the passive with ‘by’. Passive • My watch was made in Switzerland. • My car has been damaged.
The active and the Passive Voice Active Passive • Once a week, Tom cleans the house. (Simple Present) • Right now, Sarah is writing the letter. (Present Continuous) • Sam repaired the car. (Simple Past) • Once a week, the house is cleaned by Tom. • Right now, the letter is being written by Sarah. • The car was repaired by Sam.
The active and the Passive Voice Active Passive • The salesman was helping the customer when the thief came into the store. (Past Continuous) • Many tourists have visited that castle. (Present Perfect) • Someone will finish the work by 5:00 PM. (Simple Future) • The customer was being helped by the salesman when the thief came into the store. • That castle has been visited by many tourists. • The work will be finished by 5:00 PM.
Active or Passive? • You will be told what to do. • Su Lee cancelled her appointment. • It was built in 1980. • They sell shoes and handbags. • James will show you the way. • The technician is repairing the printer now. • It is being repaired at the moment. • Televisions are also sold in the hypermarket.
Exercises • Rewrite the sentences using the passive. • You cannot smoke here. Smoking _____________ in here. 2. People speak hundreds of languages in India. Hundreds of languages ______________ in India. • Trucks delivered the stock to the warehouse. The stock ____________ to the warehouse. • Somebody built the house in 1970. The house __________ in 1970.
Exercises • Rewrite the sentences using the passive. 5. Somebody has stolen his car. His car __________. 6. Nobody invited me to the party. I ___________ to the party. 7. Our manager made the decision. The decision _________ by our manager. 8. We will finish everything tomorrow. Everything ______________ tomorrow.
Exercises Complete the sentences. Use the passive. • I didn’t lose my bag. It ____________ (steal) when I was on the bus. • Sonia didn’t fall over. She _________ (push). • They didn’t know how to use it. They _____________ what to do by Jenny (show). • The delivery __________ this morning. Three items were missing (check). • All the parts come from Indonesia and ___________ here in the factory. (assemble) 6. Peter didn’t have an accident. The car ___________ in the park. (damage)