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Active and Passive Voice. VOICE indicates if the subject acts or is being acted upon. ACTIVE VOICE : Kristen wrote the report (the subject, Kristen, acts). PASSIVE VOICE : The report was written by Kristen (the subject, the report, was acted upon). Active and Passive Voice.

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active and passive voice
Active and Passive Voice
  • VOICE indicates if the subject acts or is being acted upon.
  • ACTIVE VOICE: Kristen wrote the report (the subject, Kristen, acts).
  • PASSIVE VOICE: The report was written by Kristen (the subject, the report, was acted upon).
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Active and Passive Voice
  • When you use the ACTIVE VOICE, you achieve greater precision when you answer who or what performs each action.
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Active and Passive Voice
  • The problem with PASSIVE VOICE is that it begs this question:

Who or what performed the action?

  • Some passive sentences quickly answer the who or what question with a prepositional phrase:

The report was written by Kristen.

The preposition is wordy and identifies the actor too late.

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Active and Passive Voice

To eliminate the passive voice:

  • Find and mark the passive voice: it always has a “to be” verb (is, are, was, were, been …) plus another verb.

Example: The report was written by Kristen.

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Active and Passive Voice

To eliminate the passive voice:

  • Answer the question who or what does the action.

Example:Kristen wrote the report.

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Active and Passive Voice

To eliminate the passive voice:

  • Make the answer the subject of the verb.

Example: Kristen wrote the report.