MA-20 Evolution of Warfare The Nature of War. Man and War LtCol Mitchell. HOW WE’RE GOING TO EXAMINE THE “EVOLUTION OF WARFARE”. USE MCDP-1 (MARINE CORPS WARFIGHTING DOCTRINE) AS A TOOL TO ANALYSE PAST BATTLES, CAMPAIGNS & WARS
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Man and War LtCol Mitchell
“Everything in war is simple, but the simplest thing is difficult.
The difficulties accumulate and end by producing a kind
of friction that is inconceivable unless one has experienced
— Carl von Clausewitz
“In war the chief incalculable is the human will.”
— B. H. Liddell Hart
“Positions are seldom lost because they have been destroyed,
but almost invariably because the leader has decided in his
own mind that the position cannot be held.”
— A. A. Vandegrift
What is the definition of “WAR” ?
Is War more Art or Science?
Evacuation & disposal of material
Movement, evacuation, & hospitalization of personnel
“THE PURPOSE OF HISTORY IS TO LEARN HOW HUMAN BEINGS REACT WHEN EXPOSED TO THE DANGER OF WOUNDS OR DEATH, & HOW HIGH RANKING INDIVIDUALS REACT WHEN SUBMITTED TO THE ONEROUS RESPONSIBILITY OF CONDUCTING WAR OR THE PREPARATIONS FOR WAR.”
ECONOMY OF FORCE
UNITY OF COMMAND
SIMPLICITYPRINCIPLES OF WAR
CONCENTRATE COMBAT POWER AT THE DECISIVE PLACE AND TIME
Directs military operations toward a defined and attainable objective that contributes to strategic, operational, or tactical aims
Dictates that we act rather than react and dictate the time, place, purpose, scope, intensity, and pace of operations. The initiative must be seized, retained, and fully exploited.
NEVER PERMIT THE ENEMY TO ACQUIRE AN UNEXPECTED ADVANTAGE
ALLOCATE MINIMUM ESSENTIAL COMBAT POWER TO SECONDARY EFFORTS
PLACE THE ENEMY IN A POSITION OF DISADVANTAGE THROUGH THE FLEXIBLE APPLICATION OF COMBAT POWER
FOR EVERY OBJECTIVE, ENSURE UNITY OF EFFORT UNDER ONE RESPONSIBLE COMMANDER
GOOD – SCHWARTZKOPF/DESERT STORM
BAD – GRENADA (MAU, RANGERS, AIRBORNE)
STRIKE THE ENEMY AT A TIME OR PLACE, OR IN A MANNER, FOR WHICH THEY ARE UNPREPARED
*ENEMY BECOMES AWARE TOO LATE TO REACT EFFECTIVELY
*NORMANDY WAS A SURPRISE FOR ROMMEL/WHY?
STRIVE TO PREPARE CLEAR, UNCOMPLICATED PLANS AND CLEAR, CONCISE ORDERS TO ENSURE THOROUGH UNDERSTANDING
USE THE PRINCIPLES OF WAR TO EVALUATE DEFINING ENGAGEMENTS, BATTLES, AND CAMPAIGNS THROUGHOUT THE HISTORY OF WARFARE
A PLANNED AND CONTROLLED TACTICAL, OPERATIONAL, STRATEGIC MOVEMENT OF TROOPS, WARSHIPS, AIRCRAFT, ETC., OR THE EMPLOYMENT OF FORCES TO SECURE AN ADVANTAGE—OR LEVERAGE—OVER THE ENEMY TO ACCOMPLISH THE MISSION