Chapter 1:Introduction to Adapted Physical Education and Sport PED 383 Dr. Johnson
Definition • Adapted Physical Education is an individualized program including physical and motor fitness, fundamental motor skills and patterns, skills in aquatics and dance, and individual and group games and sports designed to meet the unique needs of individuals. • Adapt = to adjust
Child with disabilities • A child with mental retardation, hearing impairment including deafness, speech or language impairment, visual impairment including blindness, serious emotional disturbance, orthopedic impairment, autism, traumatic brain injury, learning disability, deafblindness, or multiple disabilities or other health impairments that require special education and related services.
Developmental delays • 1. experiencing developmental delays in cognitive development, physical development, communication development, social or emotional development or adaptive development. • 2. a diagnosed physical or mental condition that has a high probability of resulting in developmental delay.
Individualized Education Plan (IEP) • Plan for a student with disabilities • Must include physical education • Required by IDEA • Individuals with Disabilities Act • Can be as much as 30 or 40 pages • Specific to the individual student.
Types of classrooms • Integrated • Included in regular education classes • Segregated • Including only students receiving adapted physical education
Adapted … • Physical activity • Comprehensive and interdisciplinary study of physical activity for education, wellness, sport participation, and leisure of individuals with unique needs • Physical Education • Focuses on ages 0-21. • Sport • Sport modified or created to meet the needs of individuals with disabilities
Planning • Must include… • Statement of purpose • Aim of Physical Education • Program goals (objectives) • Content goals
History • 1838 – Perkins school for students with visual disabilities (Boston). • Prior to 1900, physical education was medically oriented and preventative, developmental, or corrective in nature • 1930’s – began to be more sport oriented – focus on whole person
Increased students with disabilities • 1950’s • Groups started focusing on those with disabilities • AAHPER • Numerous grants given • AAHPERD – Project on Recreation and Fitness for the Mentally Retarded
Litigation • IDEA • Individuals with Disabilities Act (PL 108-446) • Access to free and appropriate public education • Rehabilitation Act • Section 504 • No discrimination based on disability • ADA • Americans with Disabilities Act (PL 101-336) • Extended civil rights protection for those with disabilities to all areas of life • **** More details in later Powerpoint ****