Ch 2.4 Settlement of Middle and Southern Colonies MAIN IDEA The founding of the Middle and Southern colonies provided settlers with many economic opportunities.
WHY IT MATTERS NOW America is still a place where immigrants seek freedom and economic opportunity.
New Netherland • Dutch India Company colonizes, 1621. • Settlers from other countries and Africa welcomed. • Dutch trade for furs with Native Amer.
English Takeover • In 1664, Duke of York becomes proprietor of New Netherland. -Renamed colony New York -Later gives part of the land to friends, names it New Jersey -Religious freedom.
Penn’s “Holy Experiment” • In 1681, William Penn founds Pennsylvania on the Quaker principles. • Quakers’ ideas: equality, cooperation, religious toleration, and pacifism. -Adult males given 50 acres, right to vote. -Representative assembly -Freedom of religion • Native people treated fairly; 50 years without conflict.
Thriving Colony • Penn recruits immigrants, 1000s of Germans come. • Quakers become minority; slavery is introduced. • Allowed Delaware own assembly; broke off.
Southern Colonies • Cash Crops: Tobacco, Rice, Indigo. • Lord Baltimore, a Catholic, founds Maryland in 1632. -allows religious freedom. • Carolinas are founded by settlers from Barbados and built Charles town, (Charleston) in 1670. • James Ogelthorpefounds Georgia as a haven for debtors. • By 1752, there are 13 British Colonies in the North America.