Ch 2.4 Settlement of Middle and Southern Colonies - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Ch 2.4 Settlement of Middle and Southern Colonies

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Ch 2.4 Settlement of Middle and Southern Colonies
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Ch 2.4 Settlement of Middle and Southern Colonies

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  1. Ch 2.4 Settlement of Middle and Southern Colonies MAIN IDEA The founding of the Middle and Southern colonies provided settlers with many economic opportunities.

  2. WHY IT MATTERS NOW America is still a place where immigrants seek freedom and economic opportunity.

  3. New Netherland • Dutch India Company colonizes, 1621. • Settlers from other countries and Africa welcomed. • Dutch trade for furs with Native Amer.

  4. English Takeover • In 1664, Duke of York becomes proprietor of New Netherland. -Renamed colony New York -Later gives part of the land to friends, names it New Jersey -Religious freedom.

  5. Penn’s “Holy Experiment” • In 1681, William Penn founds Pennsylvania on the Quaker principles. • Quakers’ ideas: equality, cooperation, religious toleration, and pacifism. -Adult males given 50 acres, right to vote. -Representative assembly -Freedom of religion • Native people treated fairly; 50 years without conflict.

  6. Thriving Colony • Penn recruits immigrants, 1000s of Germans come. • Quakers become minority; slavery is introduced. • Allowed Delaware own assembly; broke off.

  7. Southern Colonies • Cash Crops: Tobacco, Rice, Indigo. • Lord Baltimore, a Catholic, founds Maryland in 1632. -allows religious freedom. • Carolinas are founded by settlers from Barbados and built Charles town, (Charleston) in 1670. • James Ogelthorpefounds Georgia as a haven for debtors. • By 1752, there are 13 British Colonies in the North America.